I was led to most of the primary sources used in this book by outstanding bibliographical guides. Dennis J. Starr's The Italians of New Jersey. A Historical Introduction and Bibliography ( Newark, 1985), was indispensable. His bibliography led me to the collections of numerous antiquarian and local historical societies. Francesco Cordasco's bibliographies were also important. See The Italian-American Experience: An Annotated and Classified Bibliographical Guide ( New York, 1974). Along with Salvatore La Gumina, Cordasco also compiled Italians in the United States: A Bibliography of Reports, Texts, Critical Studies and Related Materials ( New York, 1972). Also useful is another work by Cordasco, and Michael V. Cordasco, entitled Italians in the United States: An Annotated Bibliography of Doctoral Dissertations Completed at American Universities ( Fairview, New Jersey, 1981).
There were other important reference tools which helped me to locate material at local libraries and in university special collections. Cordasco's Italian Mass Emigration, The Exodus of a Latin People: A Bibliographical Guide to the Bollettino Dell 'Emigrazione, 1902-1927 ( Totowa, New Jersey, 1980), is the only guide to the voluminous Bollentino which began as a result of Italian legislation in 1901. It is a guide to articles, investigations, and consular reports all concerned with the plight of Italian immigrants. Another useful source was the Center for Migration Studies in Staten island, which has an organized and extensive collection of Italian-American sources. A guide which proved helpful in the location of anarchist newspapers was the Italian American Collection: A Brief Description, published by the University of Minnesota's Immigration History Research Center. Edward J.Miranda and Ivo Rossi edited an excellent guide to census data and public health issues in New York City's Italians ( New York, 1976). Also advert to Ferdinando P. Alfonsi's Dictionary of Italian-American Poets ( New