CHAPTER VII
INTELLIGENCE OF CRIMINALS

Criminals are neither accidents nor anomalies in the universe, but come by laws and testify to causality; and it is the business of science to find out what the causes are, and by what laws they work. -- H. MAUDSLEY

Positivism in criminology embraces, among others, the psychologic approach to the criminal. In our Chapter II above we cited several foreshadowings of this way into a knowledge of the nature of the criminal. Indeed, it is implicit in the Lombrosian doctrine of atavism. For Lombroso believed it is impossible for one who carries in his person the physical signs of development that is arrested somewhere between the lower animals and the human level to possess normal human "sentiments." The drives that operate the atavistic being are the impulsions of lower animals: their instincts, passions, and emotions. Their intelligence, by inference, is the intelligence of lower animals. It is the peculiar balance of these psychic characteristics that obtains in lower animals as contrasted with their balance in higher forms that accounts for contrasting modes of behavior. This is a familiar conception at present. But Lombroso did not emphasize it. He was busy, for the most part, with other considerations.

Goring too recognized the psychologic element in the situation. But his main interest was to answer Lombroso's argument for a physical criminal type and his obeisance to the psychologic interest consisted almost wholly in recording popular estimates of intelligence differences between various groups.

It was almost coincident with the beginning of Goring's work that systematic psychological research relating to delinquents was beginning in the United States. And it began with an examination of the intelligence of young malefactors and an attempt at measuring it.


MEANINGS OF INTELLIGENCE

"Intelligence" is a term that does not easily fit into a definition. In popular language it suggests, usually, only the characteristic of possessing a fund of information. Less frequently it connotes merely

-96-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Criminology
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 468

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.