Revolt and Response (24-27 April)
A group of young officers and leaders of the revolutionary party of Bosch combined to initiate the 24 April coup thattoppled the Reid government and led to an armed uprising. As the revolt spread and both the embassy and Washington became aware that a crisis was developing in the Dominican Republic, government officials activated the U.S. system for crisis response. They reviewed contingency plans, initiated increased intelligence information,collection, activated operations centers, alerted appropriate military forces, and notified key personnel who were absent to return to their posts. On Sunday President Johnson returned to Washington from Camp David ready to take personal command and control of crisis preparations. By the time the situation had become really serious a naval task force was in Dominican waters ready for the evacuation of U.S. and foreign personnel. In the meantime Washington and embassy officials were active in attempting to find a formula for bringing the warring parties together and ending the bloodshed.
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) reporting concerned with clandestine Dominican groups opposing Reid was fairly accurate. As early as 11 and 12 April, the CIA reported that the PRD was plotting with military officers, led by Hernando Ramírez, to overthrow the Reid government. This group was working through retired and active junior officers. The CIA also reported the activities of other groups such as the San Cristobal group, which was made up of high-ranking officers who backed Balaguer for president. The embassy confirmed at least some of these reports but believed that the Reid regime had the various conspiracies under surveillance and control. 1
In the third week of April, Dominican officials transferred or dismissed several junior officers of the pro-Bosch cadre. This warning caused the leadership of the ultimately successful conspiracy under