This book went through a number of stages and owes a great deal to many individuals and institutions. The earliest essay that eventually evolved into a precursor of Civil Wrongs was supported by an F. Leroy Hill Summer Fellowship from the Institute for Humane Studies at George Mason University. I am grateful to Tibor Machan, Bob Andelsen, and Scott Kleiner for their original support for my first venture into what was then virtually terra incognita. I would also like to thank Christine Blundell of the Institute for her support and assistance throughout the term of that fellowship.
Two essays written for different purposes came to be different steps along the path that led to Civil Wrongs. The first was "Affirmative Action: The New Road to Serfdom," which appeared in the Foundation of Economic Education's journal The Freeman when it was edited by Brian Summers ( December 1990). Discussions with him and Beth Hoffman greatly improved this article.
"New Road" then came to the attention of Diane Carol Bast of the Heartland Institute, and the result was a policy study, Beyond Affirmative Action ( September 1991), where my earliest version of the contrast between the Philosophies of Social Engineering and Social Spontaneity was cashed out. I am extremely grateful to Diane Bast for the detailed information about the effects of set- asides on the construction industry and for numerous suggestions