the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in World War II. With the development of nuclear technology, the home front became the battlefront. The final essays in our book address the collapsing of polarities occurring in a nuclear age while pointing to the persistence of the ideology such polarities uphold. Barbara Freeman's essay argues that the dominant discourse on war as well as some feminist antiwar language describes men as implicated in nuclear warfare in a way that women are not. The essay considers ways in which women also contribute to the context that makes nuclear war imaginable. Bringing together nuclear war manuals, the Book of Revelation, and Marguerite Duras's Hiroshima Mon Amour, Freeman demonstrates that the familiar couples of man/woman, war/ peace must be both acknowledged and challenged in order to understand how the nuclear holocaust has come to be imagined, even desired. Gillian Brown's essay draws on texts as diverse as nuclear protest literature and the FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) civil defense survival manuals to show how the framers of the nuclear future have embedded a fantastic vision of domestic life in their nuclear "survival" plans. This vision has roots in the nineteenth-century American domestic ideology promoting a possessive individualism. In a chillingly circular and overdetermined process, the domestic ideology has set the stage for the contemporary fantasy of nuclear warfare, while the individualism it promotes also persists in the way we imagine postnuclear society. Brown's essay demonstrates that, in spite of drastic changes in war technology, dominant Western culture still subscribes to a war system that even in a nuclear era figures war as fought along the ancient, conventional lines of "arms and the man." While this collection exposes the heterosexual ideology of war narratives, race, religion, and class are equally fundamental categories in any consideration of power and conflict. War and Memory," a poem by June Jordan that begins this collection, envisages a time when all such categories are rendered obsolete.
Since this collection went to press, two important books have appeared that further develop the links betweeen war and gender: Mary Lynn Broe and Angela Ingram, eds., Women's Writing in Exile ( Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989) and Sara Ruddick, Maternal Thinking: Toward a Politics of Peace ( Boston: Beacon Press, 1989).