Arms and the Woman: War, Gender, and Literary Representation

By Helen M. Cooper; Adrienne Auslander Munich et al. | Go to book overview

acts have any authority? And, finally, they show that the difficulties of literary representation are also difficulties of political representation.


Notes

I wish to thank those who at various points have read and whose ideas have fed this essay: Guy and Marge Cardwell, Patrice Higonnet, Regina Barreca, Cornelia Nixon, Barbara Rosen, and the editors of this volume.

1.
That arbitrariness cannot be acknowledged. In order to mask the swift transformations of men's and women's roles, an organicist discourse naturalizes the politics of gender. Similarly, the gendering of politics gives an illusion of naturalness. See Higonnet and Higonnet, "The Double Helix," 37-41.
2.
External wars indeed are often initiated in order to derail internal dissension and to justify the repression of dissidence. Similarly, the occupation of a country both creates and masks internal political divisions. It is important to avoid the complacent faith that the French Resistance under the Vichy regime was a struggle against a foreign nation rather than a civil war.
3.
Marat, for example, links aristocrats to women, and more generally the clerical and peasant resistance to the French Revolution was thought to be supported by women.
4.
Jakobson, "Closing Statement: Linguistics and Poetics,"358.
5.
Staël, Delphine, 1:467. All translations from Madame de Staël are my own; hereafter volume and page numbers are given in text in parentheses.
6.
While Delphine is active, Léonce is passive in his suicide. Delphine's act is deliberate; Léonce depends on others to complete his act. It is perhaps not an accident that Delphine, like Dido, suffers from calumny and that her lover abandons her for battle.
7.
The political and personal conflicts also intersect in the conclusion of the second version, published posthumously. Léonce announces his marriage to Delphine the very day that the news of the September massacres arrives in the province where they have taken refuge (near the Vendée). As a defrocked nun about to marry, Delphine represents the anticlerical revolutionary tendencies that had just climaxed in the slaughter on the streets of Paris. In a chain reaction, the popular condemnation of the marriage causes Léonce to faint, and his inability to embrace her in the face of social prejudice deals a mortal blow to Delphine. She is a victim of the counterrevolution.
8.
See Marks, Simone de Beauvoir, 38-40, 66-68.

-95-

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Arms and the Woman: War, Gender, and Literary Representation
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Notes xix
  • War and Memory 1
  • Arms and the Woman: The Con[tra]ception of the War Text 9
  • Notes 23
  • Works Cited 23
  • "Still Wars and Lechery": Shakespeare and the Last Trojan Woman 25
  • Notes 39
  • Works Cited 40
  • Rewriting History: Madame de Villedieu and the Wars of Religion 43
  • Notes 55
  • Works Cited 57
  • Southern Women's Diaries of Sherman's March to the Sea, 1864-1865 59
  • Notes 75
  • Works Cited 77
  • Civil Wars and Sexual Territories 80
  • Notes 95
  • Works Cited 96
  • The Women and Men of 1914 97
  • Notes 118
  • Corpus/Corps/Corpse: Writing the Body in/at War 124
  • Notes 159
  • Works Cited 164
  • May Sinclair's The Tree of Heaven: The Vortex of Feminism, the Community of War 168
  • Notes 179
  • Works Cited 182
  • Combat Envy and Survivor Guilt: Willa Cather's "Manly Battle Yarn" 184
  • Notes 201
  • Works Cited 203
  • "Seeds for the Sowing": The Diary of Käthe Kollwitz 205
  • Notes 221
  • Works Cited 223
  • A Needle with Mama's Voice: Mitsuye Yamada's Camp Notes and the American Canon of War Poetry 225
  • Notes 241
  • Feminism, the Great War, and Modern Vegetarianism 244
  • Images of Love and War in Contemporary Israeli Fiction: A Feminist Re-vision 268
  • Notes 277
  • Works Cited 280
  • Nuclear Domesticity: Sequence and Survival 283
  • Notes 299
  • "Epitaphs and Epigraphs: 'The End(s) of Man'" 303
  • Notes 319
  • Works Cited 321
  • A Bibliography of Secondary Sources 323
  • The Contributors 331
  • Index 335
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