Statistics on Population, Importation of Negro Slaves and Exportation of Rice
Since rice and negro slaves played such a dominant part in the development of the tide-water region, statistics relative to each commodity offer an almost yearly index to the evolution of South Carolina as a colony and as a State.
In the early days, negroes were brought in a few at a time, as were the white servants. The Warrants for Land Grants ( 1692-1711) note on 55 to 92 grants for the immigrant, his servants and his slaves. The number of the latter varies from one to twelve.
The first comprehensive approach to a census appears under date of September 17th, 1708, when Richard Beresford, one of the agents for the colony, reported that there were:
|1,360||free white men|
|900||free white women|
|60||white servant men|
|60||white servant women|
|1,700||free white children, a total white population of 4,080.|
|1,800||negro men slaves|
|1,100||negro women slaves|
|1,200||Negro children slaves, a total of negro slave--4,100.|
|500||Indian men slaves|
|600||Indian women slaves|
|300||Indian children slaves, a total of Indian slaves--1,400.|
Governor Johnson reported ( Jan. 12th, 1719-20): "Tis computed by the Muster Roles & other Observations that at present we may have about 1,600 Fighting men--Computacon of 4 Persons in each Family, the whole of the Whites are 6,400."2 Feb. 22d,