the time were formally recognized as martyrs by the then Jiangsu Province Military Control Commission. The commission presented each family with a Commemorative Certificate Issued to the Honored Families of Those Who Gave Their Lives While on Duty, and the families have to this day enjoyed the preferential treatment accorded descendants of revolutionary martyrs. In the course of our ongoing work of replacing and reissuing martyr's certificates, we have so far dealt with this matter by postponing the issue of [new] certificates, but the relatives keep pressuring us and demanding that such certificates be issued. According to the Regulations Governing the Commendation of Revolutionary Martyrs, the men do not qualify as martyrs, and we find ourselves unable to issue [new] certificates. But, since the case touches upon matters of policy, we still do not quite know how to handle it and therefore request special instructions and look forward to your reply.
Civil Affairs Bureau of Jiangsu Province
30 January 1984
Ministry of Civil Affairs and Civil Affairs Bureau of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
Source: Translation based on reprint in Xiangzhang shouce (Township Magistrate's Handbook) ( Beijing: Falü chubanshe, 1989), pp. 713-14.
Ministry of Civil Affairs
Document [ 1984] No. 55
To the Civil Affairs Bureau of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region:
Your request for instructions Gui Civ. Pref.  100 has been received and processed. After having consulted with the General Political Department in the matter of whether members of the Chinese