Sciences in Communist China: A Symposium Presented at the New York Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, December 26-27, 1960

By Sidney H. Gould | Go to book overview

Nuclear Physics

T. Y. Wu, National Research Council, Ottawa, Canada

A survey of the scientific publications* of Communist China shows that in the period from 1949 to about 1955 or 1956 there was little research work in the field of nuclear physics, but that in the last four years or so research has been accelerated not only in nuclear physics but also in various other branches of science. The purpose of the present article is to survey the research work in the field of nuclear physics in Communist China--the specific topics and the results of the researches, especially those related to experimental technology, nuclear structure, and elementary particles. To convey a correct idea of these, one could do no better than enumerate and summarize briefly all the published works, but this is not possible because of the inaccessibility of some of the publications. Therefore the survey will cover the literature as far as it is available to the writer.


Physics Research Before 1949

A few words about the background or the "initial state" of physics research in 1949 in China may not be out of place. In the

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*
The principal publications are (1) Scientia Sinica (monthly), which, for Western readers, is perhaps sufficient, for it contains in English or Russian the more important work published in Chinese in the next two journals; (2) Science Record of the Academia Sinica (monthly), which formerly was in western languages, but is now in Chinese, and which contains brief research reports; (3) Acta Physica Sinica (monthly) , which is in Chinese and contains research papers with an abstract in English or Russian; (4) Wu Li T'ung Pao (monthly), which is in Chinese and contains semi- popular articles of a review nature and some brief research reports; (5) Reports (Natural Science) of Peking University and reports of a few other universities, which are in Chinese and contain research papers.

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