Sciences in Communist China: A Symposium Presented at the New York Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, December 26-27, 1960

By Sidney H. Gould | Go to book overview

Civil and Hydraulic Engineering

LEWIS LI-TANG AU, Ammann and Whitney, New York City

The following survey of civil and hydraulic engineering development in Communist China is based on the materials furnished by the Library of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and one book and several magazines obtained from bookstores in New York City. It does not, of course, claim to show a complete picture in this field from the limited sources available. The data and the figures used herein are derived from the available information and are not necessarily complete nor perfectly reliable. This survey does, however, present a sketch of the activities of Chinese civil engineers and their efforts in the ten years 1949- 1959. Furthermore, it shows the influence of other Communist countries and the trends in civil engineering in Communist China.


Civil Engineering Organizations and Their Accomplishments (1-7)

The organizations which are responsible for the civil engineering field in Communist China are: (a) the Civil Engineering and Architecture Research Institute of the Technical Sciences Department, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, (b) the Ministry of Construction and Engineering, (c) the Ministry of Railways, and (d) the Ministry of Communications and (e) the Local Bureau of Construction.

The functions of the Civil Engineering and Architecture Research Institute are the planning, promoting, and conducting of research programs, the training and recruiting of new engineers, and the publishing and reviewing of research materials. All major research and development projects are carried out under the Twelve-Year Plan for Science Development. The Yellow and Yangtze Rivers Development is one of the major projects in this

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