ANALYSIS Of appointments to the classified service of the federal government has been made for the years ending June 30, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1937, and 1938. It is intended to show appointments from all examination registers in which higher education was either credited or required or was both credited and required. The numbers of appointments are taken from the annual reports of the United States Civil Service Commission. The information on educational credits and requirements is taken from the examination announcements, which were made available by Samuel H. Ordway, Jr., at the time a member of the Civil Service Commission. Because some registers were of long standing, it was necessary to go over announcements of examinations given four or five years prior to the date of appointment. Included in the tabulation are forty examinations given earlier than 1931; appointments were made from a dozen of these as late as 1937.
In order to show the relative emphasis upon fields or types of education, the data have been classified into five major heads, each of which is broken down into specific titles. The major heads and their over-all code numbers are as follows: General, 100; Social Sciences, 200; Natural Sciences, 300; Humanities, 400; and Miscellaneous Subjects, 500. The classification is based upon that of fields employed to report doctorates conferred by American universities,1 but numerous additions and modifications had to be made to present the practice of the Civil Service Commission and to avoid excessive detail. For example, statistics is included in the social sciences, although it might well be listed as a branch of mathematics in the natural sciences; for the prevailing civil service practice has been to require some training in statistics coupled with more extensive education in economics or another social science. Examination requirements also frequently cut across fields, and some of the more____________________