The Taxicab: An Urban Transportation Survivor

By Gorman Gilbert; Robert E. Samuels | Go to book overview

7
FEDERAL INVOLVEMENT

For the taxicab industry, the decades of the 1960s and 1970S meant the emergence of a major new influence--the federal government. With the exception of the years during World War II, when the Office of Defense Transportation controlled taxi operations, the taxi industry had had very little interaction with the federal government. Radio frequencies were controlled by the Federal Communications Commission, and the Internal Revenue Service was certainly an influence on taxi operators. Beyond that, however, there was little federal interaction. Nor was the industry much influenced by state governments. Most government involvement with the taxi industry originated in local governments, which in most states were the agencies responsible for regulating taxis.

The 1960s and 1970s dramatically changed that situation. The Department of Transportation was created, as were comparable departments at the state level in many states. Other federal agencies set up a variety of local transportation programs which had profound effects for taxi operators. In the 1970s the scarcity of fuel brought the taxi industry into direct involvement with agencies responsible for the allocation of energy supplies. By the end of the 1970s the once rather isolated taxi industry had moved its association headquarters to Washington and was thoroughly involved with a variety of federal--and state--agencies.

The taxi industry was not unique in experiencing greater federal involvement; many other industries during the same period also felt this influence. The taxi industry was, however, unique in that the federal involvement was largely indirect: that is, few federal actions were explicitly focused on the taxi industry. Rather, most of the federal actions affecting taxi operators were aimed at urban transit systems and other competitors of the taxicab.

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The Taxicab: An Urban Transportation Survivor
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • TABLES AND FIGURES ix
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • 1 - Myths, Misconceptions, and Neglect 3
  • 2 - European Ancestors of the Taxicab 8
  • 3 - The Development of the Taxicab 25
  • 4 - The Birth of Taxicab Fleets 38
  • 5 - The Depression and Regulation 61
  • 6 - War and Recovery 74
  • 7 - Federal Involvement 86
  • 8 - The Economics of Taxicab Operations 103
  • 9 - Service Innovations 123
  • 10 - Regulation and Deregulation 141
  • 11 - Dimensions of Change 156
  • 12 - The Survival of Private Enterprise in Public Transportation 170
  • Notes 181
  • Bibliography 187
  • Index 191
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