Computer-Assisted Language Learning: Context and Conceptualization

By Michael Levy | Go to book overview

Notes
1.
Last ( 1989) provides a useful introduction to artificial intelligence techniques in language learning addressed to non-specialists and CALL authors. It looks at AI from the point of view of CALL and evaluates its progress and relevance. It includes an historical perspective, both for CALL, and for AI, and it includes many examples of programs that utilize AI techniques in some way, such as expert systems.
2.
A concordance is a collection of all the occurrences of a word in a text, or set of texts, with each incidence of the word shown in context. The size of the context can vary. In a Key-Word in Context (KWIC) concordance, the concordance is usually presented with each instance of the keyword displayed one under the other in the centre of each line.
3.
Meister ( 1991) provides a concise and perceptive overview and history of the systems approach, especially helpful in understanding how the core image of a 'system' is understood.
4.
The volume edited by Jonassen ( 1988) provides a comprehensive introduction to instructional designs on the microcomputer. It provides a number of exemplars of how instructional design theories are applied to contemporary computer technology. The book is intended for practising developers, and the examples are built using the process and discipline of instructional design. Of particular interest with regard to the TICCIT project is Merrill's contribution. He discusses the implications of Component Display Theory for instructional design, and provides a number of illuminating examples which show how the theory can be applied directly.
5.
Dix et al. provide an excellent introduction in their book, Human- Computer Interaction ( 1993). It covers the foundations by exploring the qualities and characteristics of humans and computers, first separately and then in combination. Paradigms, models, and principles are discussed that underpin design practice. A section on advanced topics looks at various forms of CmC and discusses related issues and implications, both technical and social. Multi-sensory systems introduce cutting-edge research issues such as handwriting and gesture recognition, and computer vision. A good complement to the Dix publication, which focuses more on the art than the science of HCI, is edited by Laurel, The Art of Human-Computer Interface Design ( 1990). This collection of articles reflects on the nature of HCI and its metaphors. It includes tools and techniques for creative design, and new metaphors for the human-computer interface. Further books of particular value are Shneiderman ( 1987), which covers strategies for effective humancomputer interaction, and Gordon ( 1994) on systematic design. These books cover the design of static and dynamic screens, menus, text,

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Computer-Assisted Language Learning: Context and Conceptualization
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • List of Illustrations viii
  • Preface xi
  • Acknowledgements xiv
  • 1. Introduction 1
  • Notes 11
  • 2. Call in Context I: A Historical Perspective 13
  • Notes 44
  • 3. Call in Context Ii: An Interdisciplinary Perspective 47
  • Notes 74
  • 4. Conceptualization I: the Call Literature 76
  • Notes 116
  • 5. Conceptualization Ii: the Call Survey 118
  • Notes 150
  • 6. Emerging Themes and Patterns of Development 151
  • 7. a Tutor-Tool Framework 178
  • Notes 214
  • 8. on the Nature of Call 215
  • Notes 232
  • Appendix A: The CALL Survey 233
  • Appendix B: The design of the CALL Survey 246
  • Appendix C: Miscellaneous charts 248
  • Appendix D: Resources on the Internet 250
  • References 257
  • Author index 289
  • Subject Index 293
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