Gay Science: The Ethics of Sexual Orientation Research

By Timothy F. Murphy | Go to book overview

NOTES

INTRODUCTION
1.
In that account three primordial sexes, each with two conjoined human bodies, were halved by an angry Zeus when they tried to scale the heavens. Desolate, lonesome "males" sought out their separated male halves, halved "females" sought one another, and, following the split of "hermaphrodites," male halves sought reunion with their separated female halves. Making erotic orientation a heritable feature of human nature, this mythical account explains erotic couplings as the search for a lost half: "When we are longing for and following after that primeval wholeness, we say we are in love." Plato, Symposium, 189c-193d, in Edith Hamilton and Huntington Cairns, eds., The Collected Dialogues of Plato (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1961), pp. 526-574, 542-545. Certain commentators read the creation of Adam and Eve in a similar way. See Marie Delcourt, Hermaphrodite: Myths and Rites of the Bisexual Figure in Classical Antiquity ( London: Studio, 1961), p. 74. David M. Halperin has objected to an interpretation of the Symposium as involving "homosexuality," asserting that the concept of homosexuality should not be applied before the era in which it emerged. This point may be granted, though the account is nevertheless and in any interpretation an account of homoeroticism. See One Hundred Years of Homosexuality and Other Essays on Greek Love ( New York: Routledge, 1990).
2.
For one account of such differences, see Aaron J. Rosanoff, "Human Sexuality, Normal and Abnormal, from a Psychiatric Standpoint", Urologic and Cutaneous Review 1929( 33):523-530.
3.
William H. Masters and Virginia E. Johnson say that in twenty years in their sex clinic they saw only two men who sought conversion to homoeroticism and that the motive had to do with impotence in opposite-sex relations. Masters and Johnson, Homosexuality in Perspective ( Boston: Little, Brown, 1979), p. 408. Frederick Suppe has described one young man who felt trapped in his heterosexuality and who wanted to "become a homosexual" because he thought it would offer more opportunities for sex. See "The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association:Classifying Sexual Disorder"

-231-

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Gay Science: The Ethics of Sexual Orientation Research
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • Introduction 1
  • 1 - Scientific Accounts of Sexual Orientation 13
  • 2 - The Value of Sexual Orientation Research 49
  • 3 - The Practice of Sexual Orientation Therapy 75
  • 4 - Controlling the Sexual Orientation of Children 103
  • 5 - The Use of Sexual Orientation Tests 137
  • 6 - Sexual Orientation Research, Nature, and the Law 165
  • 7 - Science and the Future 193
  • Epilogue 223
  • Notes 231
  • Index 259
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