Official Statements of War Aims and Peace Proposals, December 1916 to November 1918

By James Brown Scott | Go to book overview

only give my countersignature or signature to the appointment of Herr von Hintze on the condition that Herr von Hintze follows my line of policy and not his own. However, as far as I am concerned, I already have a sure guarantee for this in Herr von Hintze's promise. I will direct the line of policy. The Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs has merely to carry out my policy. The proposed Secretary of State is absolutely clear on this point. The course with which the great majority of the Reichstag declared itself to be in agreement in November of last year will still be followed.


REPORT OF FOREIGN MINISTER BURIAN ON AUSTRIAN FOREIGN POLICY AND HER PEACE TERMS AND ATTITUDE TO PRESIDENT WILSON'S MOUNT VERNON ADDRESS1
July 16, 1918

Amidst the terrible struggle and in every phase of this war of successful defense the Central Powers have had no other aim in view but to fight to secure the enemy's will to peace. If we sum up all that has been said on the enemy's side in regard to their war aims we recognize three groups of aspirations which are being set forth to justify the continuation of bloodshed. The ideals of mankind are to be realized. The freedom of all nations, which latter are to form a league of nations, and which in future shall settle their differences by arbitration and not by arms, is to reign. The domination of one nation by another nation is to be excluded. Various territorial changes are to be carried out at the expense of the Central Powers. These annexationist aims, though variously shaped, are generally known. The intention, however, also exists, especially in regard to Austria-Hungary, to carry out her internal disintegration for the purpose of the formation of new States. Finally, our opponents demand our atonement because we dared to defend ourselves, and successfully, against their attacks. Our ability to defend ourselves is termed militarism and must therefore be destroyed.

Territorial aims are, in fact, the only things now separating the different belligerent groups. For the great interests of humanity-- for Justice, freedom, honor, and the peace of the world as set forth in

____________________
1
Text in The Times, London, July 17, 1918, p. 5.

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