Handbook of Aviation Human Factors

By Daniel J. Garland; John A. Wise et al. | Go to book overview

Preface

Aviation is expanding, and this expansion is expected to continue for the foreseeable future. More people want to fly, and aircraft types are increasing in number. Technical innovations and automation introduce changes in the control of aircraft as vehicles and as traffic, and in the numerous human roles and jobs in the air and on the ground that support aviation. The domain of human factors as a discipline is also expanding, independently of aviation. It now embraces more topics and applications than it formerly did, and employs a greater variety of techniques. Aviation human factors is therefore expanding in two distinct ways: the range of applications of human factors within aviation has increased and so the titles of the chapters in this text cover more applications than previous texts did, but the range of topics within each chapter has also increased because the boundaries of human factors as a discipline have been extended to encompass additional themes and approaches. These developments have both led to a net expansion of the subject matter of aviation human factors, because scarcely any applications or topics have been dropped. Currently, aviation human factors is a developing and dynamic force.

The rapid and sometimes revolutionary developments in technology, aviation, and human factors, and the complex interdisciplinary interactions between them, lead to a requirement to review and appraise progress from time to time by taking stock of what has happened and by peering into the future. This text has this objective. It attempts to employ recently developed concepts and explanatory frameworks where they are appropriate. Authors were urged to consider what is known now, and encouraged to develop a point of view. Any disagreements between them have not been edited out, but indicate where there is room for authoritative views to differ, because knowledge is not yet firm or standardized or because divergent practices have evolved. The international perspective sometimes adopted is broadly representative of aviation itself and of its human factors issues.

Aviation has often been among the first contexts to apply new technologies safely and successfully. It has therefore also been among the first to encounter and resolve

-xiii-

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Handbook of Aviation Human Factors
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Human Factors in Transportation ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Series Foreword xi
  • Preface xiii
  • I Introduction 1
  • 1: A Historical Overview of Human Factors in Aviation 3
  • References 13
  • 2: Aviation Research and Development: A Framework for the Effective Practice of Human Factors, or "What Your Mentor Never Told You About a Career in Human Factors . . ." 15
  • 3: Measurement in Aviation Systems 33
  • Summary Appraisal 46
  • References 47
  • 4: Underpinnings of System Evaluation 51
  • References 66
  • 5: Organizational Factors Associated With Safety and Mission Success in Aviation Environments 67
  • Conclusion 100
  • Acknowledgments 101
  • References 101
  • II Human Capabilities and Performance 105
  • 6: Processes Underlying Human Performance 107
  • Conclusion 166
  • References 168
  • 7: Automation in Aviation: A Human Factors Perspective 173
  • Conclusion 189
  • Acknowledgments 190
  • References 190
  • 8: Team Processes and Their Training in Aviation 193
  • References 211
  • 9: Crew Resource Management: A Time for Reflection 215
  • Conclusions 230
  • Acknowledgments 232
  • References 232
  • 10: Fatigue and Biological Rhythms 235
  • References 250
  • 11: Situation Awareness in Aviation Systems 257
  • References 274
  • 12: Aviation Personnel Selection and Training 277
  • References 305
  • III Aircraft 309
  • 13: Pilot Performance 311
  • References 323
  • 14: Controls, Displays, and Workplace Design 327
  • Conclusions 352
  • References 353
  • 15: Flight Simulation 355
  • Conclusion 384
  • Acknowledgments 384
  • References 384
  • 16: Human Factors Considerations in Aircraft Cabin Design 389
  • Conclusion 403
  • References 403
  • 17: Helicopter Human Factors 405
  • Summary 423
  • References 428
  • IV Air Traffic Control 429
  • 18: Air Traffic Control 431
  • Suggested Reading 454
  • 19: Air Traffic Controller Memory: Capabilities, Limitations, and Volatility 455
  • References 488
  • 20: Air Traffic Control Automation 497
  • References 515
  • 21: Human Factors in Air Traffic Control/Flight Deck Integration: Implications of Data-Link Simulation Research 519
  • References 544
  • V Aviation Operations And Design 547
  • 22: Human Factors of Functionality and Intelligent Avionics 549
  • Conclusion 563
  • References 564
  • 23: Weather Information Presentation 567
  • References 588
  • 24: Human Factors in Aviation Maintenance 591
  • References 603
  • 25: Human Factors in U.S. Civil Aviation Security 607
  • Epilogue 630
  • References 630
  • 26: Aviation Incident and Accident Investigation 631
  • Conclusion 640
  • References 641
  • 27: Forensic Aviation Human Factors [Accident/Incident Analyses for Legal Proceedings] 643
  • Introduction 644
  • References 668
  • Author Index 669
  • Subject Index 685
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