Handbook of Aviation Human Factors

By Daniel J. Garland; John A. Wise et al. | Go to book overview

focuses on the "relationships among observable behaviors of group members," it reveals only the "tip of the iceberg" (p. 184). He contended that research will be complete only by including the internal processes of individuals interacting in teams.

Research in aviation team processes for training is beginning to reflect more depth in defining processes, more breadth in defining teams, greater interest in the team's environment, a need for quantifying performance, and an openness to new training technologies. Aviation team training research is also expanding its search for useful knowledge and concepts to other professions (i.e., medicine). Finally, not only has aviation research profited from experience gained from general team research, but it has begun to contribute to that body of knowledge ( Cannon-Bowers et al., 1995). This signals an exchange of information that can be beneficial to both.


Adams M. J., Tenney Y. J., & Pew R. W. ( 1991). State-of-the-art report: Strategic workload and the cognitive management of advanced multi-task systems (Rep. No. CSERIAC 91-6). Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH: Crew System Ergonomics Information Analysis Center.

Baker D. P., Prince C., Shrestha L., Oser R., & Salas E. ( 1993). Aviation computer games for crew resource management training. International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 3, 143-156.

Baker D. P., & Salas E. ( 1992). Principles for measuring teamwork skills. Human Factors, 34, 469-475.

Borges J. L. ( 1962). Labyrinths: Selected stories and other writings. New York: New Directions Books.

Bowers C. A., Baker D. P., & Salas E. ( 1994). Measuring the importance of teamwork: The reliability and validity of job/task analysis indices for team-training design. Military Psychology, 6, 205-214.

Bowers C. A., Salas E., Prince C., & Brannick M. ( 1992). Games teams play: A method for investigating team coordination and performance. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 24, 503-506.

Brannick M. T., Prince A., Prince C., & Salas E. ( 1995). The measurement of team process. Human Factors, 37( 3), 641-651.

Brannick M. T., & Prince C. ( 1995, April). Reliability of measures of aircrew skills across events and scenarios. In R. S. Jensen & L. A. Rankovan (Eds.), Eighth International Symposium on Aviation Psychology (pp. 603-612). Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

Brannick M. T., Ellis E., Prince C., & Salas E. (in preparation). A comparison of two measurement tools for situation awareness.

Brannick M. T., Prince C., Salas E., & Stout R. (in review). Development and evaluation of a team training tool.

Carnap R. ( 1995). An introduction to the philosophy of science. New York: Dover Publications.

Cannon-Bowers J. A., Tannenbaum S. I., Salas E., & Volpe C. E. ( 1995). Defining competencies and establishing team training requirements. In R. A. Guzzo & E. Salas (Eds.), Team effectiveness and decision making in organizations (pp. 333-380). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Cooper G. E., White M. D., & Lauber J. K. (Eds.). ( 1980). Resource management on the flightdeck: Proceedings of a NASA/Industry workshop (Rep. No. NASA CP 2120). Moffett Field, CA: NASA-Ames Research Center.

Denson R. W. ( 1981). Team training: Literature review and annotated bibliography (Tech. Rep. No. 62205F- 17100347). Brooks Air Force Base, TX: Air Force Systems Command.

Diehl A. E. ( 1991). The effectiveness of training programs for preventing aircrew error. In Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Aviation Psychology (pp. 640-655). Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University.

Endsley M. R. ( 1989). Final report: Situation awareness in advanced strategic mission (Rep. No. NOR DOC 89-32). Hawthorne, CA: Northrop Corporation.

Endsley M. R. ( 1994). Situation awareness in dynamic human decision making: Measurement. In R. D. Gilson , D. J. Garland, & J. M. Koonce (Eds.), Situational awareness in complex systems (pp. 79-100). Daytona Beach, FL: Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Press.

Federal Aviation Administration. ( 1989). Cockpit resource management training (Advisory Circular 120-51A). Washington, DC: Department of Transportation.

Federal Aviation Administration. ( 1990). Line operational simulations: Line oriented flight training, special purpose operational training, line operational evaluation (Advisory Circular 120-35B). Washington, DC: Department of Transportation.


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Handbook of Aviation Human Factors
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Human Factors in Transportation ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Series Foreword xi
  • Preface xiii
  • I Introduction 1
  • 1: A Historical Overview of Human Factors in Aviation 3
  • References 13
  • 2: Aviation Research and Development: A Framework for the Effective Practice of Human Factors, or "What Your Mentor Never Told You About a Career in Human Factors . . ." 15
  • 3: Measurement in Aviation Systems 33
  • Summary Appraisal 46
  • References 47
  • 4: Underpinnings of System Evaluation 51
  • References 66
  • 5: Organizational Factors Associated With Safety and Mission Success in Aviation Environments 67
  • Conclusion 100
  • Acknowledgments 101
  • References 101
  • II Human Capabilities and Performance 105
  • 6: Processes Underlying Human Performance 107
  • Conclusion 166
  • References 168
  • 7: Automation in Aviation: A Human Factors Perspective 173
  • Conclusion 189
  • Acknowledgments 190
  • References 190
  • 8: Team Processes and Their Training in Aviation 193
  • References 211
  • 9: Crew Resource Management: A Time for Reflection 215
  • Conclusions 230
  • Acknowledgments 232
  • References 232
  • 10: Fatigue and Biological Rhythms 235
  • References 250
  • 11: Situation Awareness in Aviation Systems 257
  • References 274
  • 12: Aviation Personnel Selection and Training 277
  • References 305
  • III Aircraft 309
  • 13: Pilot Performance 311
  • References 323
  • 14: Controls, Displays, and Workplace Design 327
  • Conclusions 352
  • References 353
  • 15: Flight Simulation 355
  • Conclusion 384
  • Acknowledgments 384
  • References 384
  • 16: Human Factors Considerations in Aircraft Cabin Design 389
  • Conclusion 403
  • References 403
  • 17: Helicopter Human Factors 405
  • Summary 423
  • References 428
  • IV Air Traffic Control 429
  • 18: Air Traffic Control 431
  • Suggested Reading 454
  • 19: Air Traffic Controller Memory: Capabilities, Limitations, and Volatility 455
  • References 488
  • 20: Air Traffic Control Automation 497
  • References 515
  • 21: Human Factors in Air Traffic Control/Flight Deck Integration: Implications of Data-Link Simulation Research 519
  • References 544
  • V Aviation Operations And Design 547
  • 22: Human Factors of Functionality and Intelligent Avionics 549
  • Conclusion 563
  • References 564
  • 23: Weather Information Presentation 567
  • References 588
  • 24: Human Factors in Aviation Maintenance 591
  • References 603
  • 25: Human Factors in U.S. Civil Aviation Security 607
  • Epilogue 630
  • References 630
  • 26: Aviation Incident and Accident Investigation 631
  • Conclusion 640
  • References 641
  • 27: Forensic Aviation Human Factors [Accident/Incident Analyses for Legal Proceedings] 643
  • Introduction 644
  • References 668
  • Author Index 669
  • Subject Index 685


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