Handbook of Aviation Human Factors

By Daniel J. Garland; John A. Wise et al. | Go to book overview


Maintaining situation awareness is a critical and challenging part of an aircrew's job. Without good SA, even the best trained crews can make poor decisions. Numerous factors that are a constant part of the aviation environment make the goal of achieving a high level of SA at all times quite challenging. Enhancing SA through better cockpit design and training programs remains the major challenge for aviation research through the next decade.


Amalberti R., & Deblon F. ( 1992). Cognitive modeling of fighter aircraft process control: A step towards an intelligent on-board assistance system. International Journal of Man-Machine Systems, 36, 639-671.

Bacon S. J. ( 1974). Arousal and the range of cue utilization. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 102, 81-87.

Barber P. J., & Folkard S. ( 1972). Reaction time under stimulus uncertainty with response certainty. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 93, 138-142.

Biederman I., Mezzanotte R. J., Rabinowitz J. C., Francolin C. M., & Plude D. ( 1981). Detecting the unexpected in photo interpretation. Human Factors, 23, 153-163.

Billings C. E. ( 1991). Human-centered aircraft automation: A concept and guidelines (NASA Technical Memorandum 103885). Moffet Field, CA: NASA Ames Research Center.

Broadbent D. E. ( 1971). Decision and stress. London: Academic Press.

Butler R. E. ( 1991). Lessons from cross-fleet/cross airline observations: Evaluating the impact of CRM/LOS training. In R. S. Jensen (Ed.), Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Aviation Psychology (pp. 326-331). Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University Press.

Cannon-Bowers J. A., Salas E., & Converse S. ( 1993). Shared mental models in expert team decision making. In N. J. Castellan (Ed.), Current issues in individual and group decision making (pp. 221-247). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Carmody M. A., & Gluckman J. P. ( 1993). Task specific effects of automation and automation failure on performance, workload and situational awareness. In R. S. Jensen & D. Neumeister (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Aviation Psychology (pp. 167-171). Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University Press.

Clothier C. ( 1991). Behavioral interactions in various aircraft types: Results of systematic observation of line operations and simulations. In R. S. Jensen (Ed.) Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Aviation Psychology (pp. 332-337). Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University Press.

Davis E. T., Kramer P., & Graham N. ( 1983). Uncertainty about spatial frequency, spatial position, or contrast of visual patterns. Perception and Psychophysics, 5, 341-346.

Endsley M. R. ( 1988). Design and evaluation for situation awareness enhancement. In Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 32nd Annual Meeting (pp. 97-101). Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors Society.

Endsley M. R. ( 1989). Final report: Situation awareness in an advanced strategic mission (NOR DOC 89-32). Hawthorne, CA: Northrop Corporation.

Endsley M. R. ( 1993). A survey of situation awareness requirements in air-to-air combat fighters. International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 3( 2), 157-168.

Endsley M. R. ( 1994). Situation awareness in dynamic human decision making: Theory. In R. D. Gilson, D. J. Garland, & J. M. Koonce (Eds.), Situational awareness in complex systems (pp. 27-58). Daytona Beach, FL: Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Press.

Endsley M. R. ( 1995a). A taxonomy of situation awareness errors. In R. Fuller, N. Johnston, & N. McDonald (Eds.), Human factors in aviation operations (pp. 287-292). Aldershot, England: Avebury Aviation, Ashgate Publishing.

Endsley M. R. ( 1995b). Measurement of situation awareness in dynamic systems. Human Factors, 37( 1), 65-84.

Endsley M. R. ( 1995c). Toward a theory of situation awareness. Human Factors, 37( 1), 32-64.

Endsley M. R. ( 1996). Situation awareness measurement in test and evaluation. In T. O'Brien & S. Charlton (Eds.), Human factors testing and evaluation (pp. 159-180). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Endsley M. R., & Kiris E. O. ( 1995). The out-of-the-loop performance problem and level of control in automation. Human Factors, 37( 2), 381-394.


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Handbook of Aviation Human Factors
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Human Factors in Transportation ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Series Foreword xi
  • Preface xiii
  • I Introduction 1
  • 1: A Historical Overview of Human Factors in Aviation 3
  • References 13
  • 2: Aviation Research and Development: A Framework for the Effective Practice of Human Factors, or "What Your Mentor Never Told You About a Career in Human Factors . . ." 15
  • 3: Measurement in Aviation Systems 33
  • Summary Appraisal 46
  • References 47
  • 4: Underpinnings of System Evaluation 51
  • References 66
  • 5: Organizational Factors Associated With Safety and Mission Success in Aviation Environments 67
  • Conclusion 100
  • Acknowledgments 101
  • References 101
  • II Human Capabilities and Performance 105
  • 6: Processes Underlying Human Performance 107
  • Conclusion 166
  • References 168
  • 7: Automation in Aviation: A Human Factors Perspective 173
  • Conclusion 189
  • Acknowledgments 190
  • References 190
  • 8: Team Processes and Their Training in Aviation 193
  • References 211
  • 9: Crew Resource Management: A Time for Reflection 215
  • Conclusions 230
  • Acknowledgments 232
  • References 232
  • 10: Fatigue and Biological Rhythms 235
  • References 250
  • 11: Situation Awareness in Aviation Systems 257
  • References 274
  • 12: Aviation Personnel Selection and Training 277
  • References 305
  • III Aircraft 309
  • 13: Pilot Performance 311
  • References 323
  • 14: Controls, Displays, and Workplace Design 327
  • Conclusions 352
  • References 353
  • 15: Flight Simulation 355
  • Conclusion 384
  • Acknowledgments 384
  • References 384
  • 16: Human Factors Considerations in Aircraft Cabin Design 389
  • Conclusion 403
  • References 403
  • 17: Helicopter Human Factors 405
  • Summary 423
  • References 428
  • IV Air Traffic Control 429
  • 18: Air Traffic Control 431
  • Suggested Reading 454
  • 19: Air Traffic Controller Memory: Capabilities, Limitations, and Volatility 455
  • References 488
  • 20: Air Traffic Control Automation 497
  • References 515
  • 21: Human Factors in Air Traffic Control/Flight Deck Integration: Implications of Data-Link Simulation Research 519
  • References 544
  • V Aviation Operations And Design 547
  • 22: Human Factors of Functionality and Intelligent Avionics 549
  • Conclusion 563
  • References 564
  • 23: Weather Information Presentation 567
  • References 588
  • 24: Human Factors in Aviation Maintenance 591
  • References 603
  • 25: Human Factors in U.S. Civil Aviation Security 607
  • Epilogue 630
  • References 630
  • 26: Aviation Incident and Accident Investigation 631
  • Conclusion 640
  • References 641
  • 27: Forensic Aviation Human Factors [Accident/Incident Analyses for Legal Proceedings] 643
  • Introduction 644
  • References 668
  • Author Index 669
  • Subject Index 685


Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 698

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search


    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.