|On-the-job training allows individuals to earn FAA licenses and certificates by passing specific tests and without attending formal training programs. U.S. airlines prefer to hire people who have completed FAA certificated programs, and on-the-job training is not likely to grow as a source of training in the future.|
|Collegiate training is offered by about 280 postsecondary institutions tracked by the University Aviation Association currently located at Auburn University. Collegiate training is already the major source for AMTs, and the NRC report suggested that it will become significantly more important as a source of aircrew personnel. The report also points out, however, that pilots, even after they complete an undergraduate degree in aviation, must still work their way up through nonairline flying jobs before accumulating the hours and ratings certifications currently expected and required by the airlines for placement.|
|Ab initio ("from the beginning") training is offered by some foreign airlines to selected individuals with no prior flying experience. As yet, U.S. airlines have not seen it necessary to provide this form of training.|
The NRC study concluded that civilian sources will be able to meet market demand, despite the downsizing of the military. However, they stressed the need to sustain and develop the professionalization and standardization of collegiate aviation programsmost probably by establishing an accreditation system similar to that in engineering and business and supported by the commercial aviation industry and the FAA. As described earlier in this chapter, the U.S. aviation industry continues to grow, as it does worldwide. The next 5 to 10 years will be both interesting and challenging to those concerned with support and growth of the aviation workforce. The NRC study suggests means for accomplishing these ends successfully. The community concerned with human competence in aviation has been given a significant opportunity to rise to the challenge.
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