Handbook of Aviation Human Factors

By Daniel J. Garland; John A. Wise et al. | Go to book overview
On-the-job training allows individuals to earn FAA licenses and certificates by passing specific tests and without attending formal training programs. U.S. airlines prefer to hire people who have completed FAA certificated programs, and on-the-job training is not likely to grow as a source of training in the future.
Collegiate training is offered by about 280 postsecondary institutions tracked by the University Aviation Association currently located at Auburn University. Collegiate training is already the major source for AMTs, and the NRC report suggested that it will become significantly more important as a source of aircrew personnel. The report also points out, however, that pilots, even after they complete an undergraduate degree in aviation, must still work their way up through nonairline flying jobs before accumulating the hours and ratings certifications currently expected and required by the airlines for placement.
Ab initio ("from the beginning") training is offered by some foreign airlines to selected individuals with no prior flying experience. As yet, U.S. airlines have not seen it necessary to provide this form of training.

The NRC study concluded that civilian sources will be able to meet market demand, despite the downsizing of the military. However, they stressed the need to sustain and develop the professionalization and standardization of collegiate aviation programsmost probably by establishing an accreditation system similar to that in engineering and business and supported by the commercial aviation industry and the FAA. As described earlier in this chapter, the U.S. aviation industry continues to grow, as it does worldwide. The next 5 to 10 years will be both interesting and challenging to those concerned with support and growth of the aviation workforce. The NRC study suggests means for accomplishing these ends successfully. The community concerned with human competence in aviation has been given a significant opportunity to rise to the challenge.


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Handbook of Aviation Human Factors
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Human Factors in Transportation ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Series Foreword xi
  • Preface xiii
  • I Introduction 1
  • 1: A Historical Overview of Human Factors in Aviation 3
  • References 13
  • 2: Aviation Research and Development: A Framework for the Effective Practice of Human Factors, or "What Your Mentor Never Told You About a Career in Human Factors . . ." 15
  • 3: Measurement in Aviation Systems 33
  • Summary Appraisal 46
  • References 47
  • 4: Underpinnings of System Evaluation 51
  • References 66
  • 5: Organizational Factors Associated With Safety and Mission Success in Aviation Environments 67
  • Conclusion 100
  • Acknowledgments 101
  • References 101
  • II Human Capabilities and Performance 105
  • 6: Processes Underlying Human Performance 107
  • Conclusion 166
  • References 168
  • 7: Automation in Aviation: A Human Factors Perspective 173
  • Conclusion 189
  • Acknowledgments 190
  • References 190
  • 8: Team Processes and Their Training in Aviation 193
  • References 211
  • 9: Crew Resource Management: A Time for Reflection 215
  • Conclusions 230
  • Acknowledgments 232
  • References 232
  • 10: Fatigue and Biological Rhythms 235
  • References 250
  • 11: Situation Awareness in Aviation Systems 257
  • References 274
  • 12: Aviation Personnel Selection and Training 277
  • References 305
  • III Aircraft 309
  • 13: Pilot Performance 311
  • References 323
  • 14: Controls, Displays, and Workplace Design 327
  • Conclusions 352
  • References 353
  • 15: Flight Simulation 355
  • Conclusion 384
  • Acknowledgments 384
  • References 384
  • 16: Human Factors Considerations in Aircraft Cabin Design 389
  • Conclusion 403
  • References 403
  • 17: Helicopter Human Factors 405
  • Summary 423
  • References 428
  • IV Air Traffic Control 429
  • 18: Air Traffic Control 431
  • Suggested Reading 454
  • 19: Air Traffic Controller Memory: Capabilities, Limitations, and Volatility 455
  • References 488
  • 20: Air Traffic Control Automation 497
  • References 515
  • 21: Human Factors in Air Traffic Control/Flight Deck Integration: Implications of Data-Link Simulation Research 519
  • References 544
  • V Aviation Operations And Design 547
  • 22: Human Factors of Functionality and Intelligent Avionics 549
  • Conclusion 563
  • References 564
  • 23: Weather Information Presentation 567
  • References 588
  • 24: Human Factors in Aviation Maintenance 591
  • References 603
  • 25: Human Factors in U.S. Civil Aviation Security 607
  • Epilogue 630
  • References 630
  • 26: Aviation Incident and Accident Investigation 631
  • Conclusion 640
  • References 641
  • 27: Forensic Aviation Human Factors [Accident/Incident Analyses for Legal Proceedings] 643
  • Introduction 644
  • References 668
  • Author Index 669
  • Subject Index 685


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