|Studies demonstrating the cost effectiveness of lower fidelity simulations are needed. These simulations could then be utilized by general, military, and commercial aviation.|
This chapter began with the specification of the "human factor requirements" for the U.S. Army's first heavier-than-air flying machine. If we were to rewrite this statement as a requirement for today's flight simulator, perhaps it might read: "The flight simulator's cost-effective design should incorporate only those cues (at the appropriate level of fidelity) and instructional features necessary to permit an intelligent person to effectively learn and demonstrate the required skills at an appropriate level of proficiency within a reasonable period of time." Wilbur and Orville Wright delivered their heavier-than-air flying machine within 7 months after contract award. However, responding to the specification just given will take considerably longer and require more assets. Nonetheless, this specification is presented as a challenge to individuals involved in flight simulation. Indeed, if flight simulation is to advance, we must respond to the elements of this revised specification.
The authors acknowledge the assistance of their colleagues and students at the University of Dayton and the University of Cincinnati. The assistance of friends in the aviation community, who not only shared material from their archives with us, but reviewed portions of the chapter, is also recognized. Finally, the authors thank their wives, Kathy and Hope, for their patience and support.
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