Handbook of Aviation Human Factors

By Daniel J. Garland; John A. Wise et al. | Go to book overview

It will become more important to understand the origins of human acceptance of computer assistance and of satisfaction with it. An incidental consequence of more widespread computer assistance could be to make air traffic control more similar to many other jobs, because its primary knowledge and skills relate more to the manipulation of a human-machine interface than to its particular application in air traffic control. Currently, most knowledge and skill as an air traffic controller do not transfer directly to other jobs. This may not remain true. Those employers who provide the best conditions of employment, the greatest satisfaction of human needs and aspirations in the workplace, and the forms of computer assistance that match human needs and responsibilities best will then attract the best applicants to their jobs, have the lowest job attrition rates, incur the lowest selection and training costs, and employ a workforce that is justifiably proud of its achievements. Such a development would expand further the human factors objectives in air traffic control.


REFERENCES

Billings C. E. ( 1991). Human-centered aircraft automation: A concept and guidelines. (Report No. NASA TM 10385). Moffett Field, CA: NASA Ames Research Center.

Cardosi K. M. ( 1993). Time required for transmission of time-critical ATC messages in an en-route environment. International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 3( 4), 303-313.

Cardosi K. M., & Murphy, E. D. (Eds.). ( 1995). Human factors in the design and evaluation of air traffic control systems. (Rep. No. DOT/FAA/RD-95/3). Washington, DC: Federal Aviation Administration, Office of Aviation Research.

Costa G. ( 1991). Shiftwork and circadian variations of vigilance and performance. In J. A. V. D. Hopkin Wise, & M. L. Smith (Eds.), Automation and systems issues in air traffic control (pp. 267-280). Berlin: Springer-Verlag, NATO ASI Series Vol. F 73.

Costa G. ( 1993). Evaluation of workload in air traffic controllers. Ergonomics, 36( 9), 1111-1120.

Crawley R., Spurgeon P., & Whitfield D. ( 1980). Air traffic controller reactions to computer assistance: A methodology for investigating controllers' motivations and satisfactions in the present system as a basis for system design. Birmingham: University of Aston Applied Psychology Department Report 94 ( 3 Vols.).

Della P., Manning C. A. Rocco, & Wing H. ( 1991). Selection of air traffic controllers for automated systems: Applications from today's research. In J. A. V. D. Hopkin Wise, & M. L. Smith (Eds.), Automation and systems issues in air traffic control (pp. 429-451). Berlin: Springer-Verlag, NATO ASI Series Vol. F 73.

Duytschaever D. ( 1993). The development and implementation of the EUROCONTROL central air traffic control management unit. Journal of Navigation, 46( 3), 343-352.

Federal Aviation Administration. ( 1995). National plan for civil aviation human factors: An initiative for research and application. Washington, DC: Author.

Garland D. J., & Hopkin V. D. ( 1994). Controlling automation in future air traffic control: The impact on situational awareness. In R. D. D. J. Garland Gilson, & J. M. Koonce (Eds.), Situational awareness in complex systems (pp. 179-197). Daytona Beach, FL: Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Press.

Harwood K. ( 1993). Defining human-centered system issues for verifying and validating air traffic control systems. In J. A. V. D. Hopkin Wise, & P. Stager (Eds.), Verification and validation of complex systems: Human factors issues (pp. 115-129). Berlin: Springer-Verlag, NATO ASI Series Vol. F 110.

Hopkin V. D. ( 1980a). The measurement of the air traffic controller. Human Factors, 22( 5), 547-560.

Hopkin V. D. ( 1980b). Boredom. The Controller, 19( 1), 6-10.

Hopkin V. D. ( 1982). Human factors in air traffic control. AGARDograph No. 275. Paris: NATO.

Hopkin V. D. ( 1988a). Air traffic control. In E. L. Wiener & D. C. Nagel (Eds.), Human factors in aviation (pp. 639-663). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Hopkin V. D. ( 1988b). Training implications of technological advances in air traffic control. In Proceedings of Symposium on Air Traffic Control Training for Tomorrow's Technology (pp. 6-26). Oklahoma City, OK: Federal Aviation Administration.

Hopkin V. D. ( 1989). Implications of automation on air traffic control. In R. S. Jensen (Ed.), Aviation psychology (pp. 96-108). Aldershot, Hants: Gower Technical.

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Handbook of Aviation Human Factors
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Human Factors in Transportation ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Series Foreword xi
  • Preface xiii
  • I Introduction 1
  • 1: A Historical Overview of Human Factors in Aviation 3
  • References 13
  • 2: Aviation Research and Development: A Framework for the Effective Practice of Human Factors, or "What Your Mentor Never Told You About a Career in Human Factors . . ." 15
  • 3: Measurement in Aviation Systems 33
  • Summary Appraisal 46
  • References 47
  • 4: Underpinnings of System Evaluation 51
  • References 66
  • 5: Organizational Factors Associated With Safety and Mission Success in Aviation Environments 67
  • Conclusion 100
  • Acknowledgments 101
  • References 101
  • II Human Capabilities and Performance 105
  • 6: Processes Underlying Human Performance 107
  • Conclusion 166
  • References 168
  • 7: Automation in Aviation: A Human Factors Perspective 173
  • Conclusion 189
  • Acknowledgments 190
  • References 190
  • 8: Team Processes and Their Training in Aviation 193
  • References 211
  • 9: Crew Resource Management: A Time for Reflection 215
  • Conclusions 230
  • Acknowledgments 232
  • References 232
  • 10: Fatigue and Biological Rhythms 235
  • References 250
  • 11: Situation Awareness in Aviation Systems 257
  • References 274
  • 12: Aviation Personnel Selection and Training 277
  • References 305
  • III Aircraft 309
  • 13: Pilot Performance 311
  • References 323
  • 14: Controls, Displays, and Workplace Design 327
  • Conclusions 352
  • References 353
  • 15: Flight Simulation 355
  • Conclusion 384
  • Acknowledgments 384
  • References 384
  • 16: Human Factors Considerations in Aircraft Cabin Design 389
  • Conclusion 403
  • References 403
  • 17: Helicopter Human Factors 405
  • Summary 423
  • References 428
  • IV Air Traffic Control 429
  • 18: Air Traffic Control 431
  • Suggested Reading 454
  • 19: Air Traffic Controller Memory: Capabilities, Limitations, and Volatility 455
  • References 488
  • 20: Air Traffic Control Automation 497
  • References 515
  • 21: Human Factors in Air Traffic Control/Flight Deck Integration: Implications of Data-Link Simulation Research 519
  • References 544
  • V Aviation Operations And Design 547
  • 22: Human Factors of Functionality and Intelligent Avionics 549
  • Conclusion 563
  • References 564
  • 23: Weather Information Presentation 567
  • References 588
  • 24: Human Factors in Aviation Maintenance 591
  • References 603
  • 25: Human Factors in U.S. Civil Aviation Security 607
  • Epilogue 630
  • References 630
  • 26: Aviation Incident and Accident Investigation 631
  • Conclusion 640
  • References 641
  • 27: Forensic Aviation Human Factors [Accident/Incident Analyses for Legal Proceedings] 643
  • Introduction 644
  • References 668
  • Author Index 669
  • Subject Index 685
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