THE CONTEST OVER THE THIRD WORLD
The decline of bipolarity has been manifested in two ways: in the weakening of ties among the members of the two super-blocs, and in the rise of nonaligned nations and third blocs.1 While the full consequences of the waning of bloc solidarity are only gradually becoming understood, the limitations the duopolistic strategy sets on an effective American policy toward third-force countries have been recognized for some time. It is in this area that the most progress has been made toward a new approach. An examination of the changes in attitudes toward nonalignment is therefore of interest both for its own sake and as an example of the possibilities and risks involved in the competition strategy. It will be seen that some of the dangers that have arisen have been created by the incompleteness of the shift, the "mix" of old and new perspectives.
During the fifties John Foster Dulles maintained that a country uncommitted to the West was necessarily opposed to it. Neutrality, he added, "except under very exceptional circumstances, . . . [is] an immoral and obsolete conception."____________________