VARIOUS VERSIONS OF THIS WORK have benefited from the perceptive criticisms of Professors Eric McKitrick and James Shenton of Columbia University. Portions of Chapter 6 originally appeared in "Southern Whigs and the Politics of Statesmanship, 1833-1841," Journal of Southern History (August 1980), 46:361-80, Copyright [ 1980] by the Southern Historical Association. Reprinted by permission of the Managing Editor. Portions of Chapter 7 originally appeared in "The Southern Whigs and Economic Development," Southern Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal of the South (Spring 1981), 20:20-38, and are reprinted here by permission of the Southern Studies Institute. Quotations from the William Seward and Thurlow Weed Papers are by permission of the Manuscripts Librarian of the University of Rochester Library.