Religion in the
EXCEPT FOR THE GREAT AWAKENING, NO FORCES OF CONSEQUENCE HAD ACTED prior to the Revolution to break down the social, economic, and religious walls which divided the American colonies. Indeed, there seemed to be a profound horror of consolidation, tending to tear down any proposals for unification. So regnant was this feeling that the colonists, many of them loyal members of the Church of England, labored to prevent the introduction of the Anglican episcopate into America lest it begin a process of setting up a complete autocratic hierarchy with centralized authority. Because the Church of England had such a traditionally centralized organization, it never became a popular church in colonial America, even where it was established by law.
Nevertheless, certain intellectual factors, as well as economic and political, helped to prepare the way for revolution and to bind the people, out of necessity, into a confederation. Among these were the idea of funda-