Congress, the President, and Policymaking: A Historical Analysis

By Jean Reith Schroedel | Go to book overview

Appendix: The Primary Data Set and Variables

Primary Data Collection

Before identifying and cataloguing the banking bills, I had to establish clear parameters about which bills to include in the data set. In keeping with my primary interest in legislation dealing with the behavior of domestic commercial banks, I decided to include only bills concerned with activities within the United States or involving domestic banks. Bills dealing with foreign banks operating in the United States and foreign activities of domestic banks would be included, but bills dealing with international institutions, such as the Export-Import Bank, would not.

In addition, domestic commercial banks operate in a universe inhabited by many other financial institutions, so I had to make decisions about whether to include bills involving other financial institutions, and if so, which ones. I decided to limit my interest to their major competitors, the other financial intermediaries. Bills dealing with these institutions were included because changes in their operations profoundly affect the competitive position of commercial banks. Financial intermediaries are institutions that acquire IOUs issued by borrowers and at the same time sell their own IOUs to savers ( Rose and Fraser 1985: 4). Bills dealing exclusively with non-intermediary financial institutions, such as security brokers and dealers, mortgage bankers, and investment bankers, were not part of the data set. While important in their own right, these institutions have different concerns from the financial intermediaries.

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Congress, the President, and Policymaking: A Historical Analysis
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Tables and Figures xi
  • Foreword xiii
  • Preface and Acknowledgments xvii
  • 1: Introduction 3
  • 2 - Linking Goals and Methodologies 21
  • Notes 38
  • 3 - A Tale of Three Policies 41
  • 4 - Legislation Within Committees 83
  • Notes 116
  • 5 - Passing Legislation 121
  • Notes 153
  • 6 - A Comparison of Theories 155
  • Notes 173
  • 7 - Concluding Thoughts 175
  • Appendix: The Primary Data Set and Variables 188
  • Notes 202
  • Bibliography 203
  • Index 217
  • About the Author 234
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