A Complex of Standards
In the individual interviews various questions were asked as to moral standards and problems, but most of the respondents were reluctant to give offhand answers to searching moral questions without opportunity for reflection or discussion -- perhaps also because they preferred not to reveal past shortcomings or inner conflicts.
In this connection it may be interesting to indicate the sources of religious education and current religious affiliations reported by the 503 respondents.
Religious education: none, 40; Protestant, 266; Catholic, 151; Jewish, 39; other, 7; mixed, 2.
Present religious affiliation: none, 40; Protestant, 256; Catholic, 161 (presumably); Jewish, 40 (presumably); other, 5. (Incidentally, the Protestants were divided among Methodists, 62; Lutherans, 55; Baptists, 50; Presbyterians, 28; Episcopalians, 7; others, 54.)
Church attendance (times a year): none, 87; 1-4, 66; 5-39, 154; 40 plus, 191; no answer, 5.
"In your kind of work," it was asked, "do you ever have to do anything that sort of bothers your conscience?" About 72 per cent gave no hint of any such problem, though not denying that there were opportunities for unethical behavior. Some, however, (7 per cent) responded that they encountered ethical problems; 11 per cent, that sometimes ethical company policies worked a hardship on some individuals or in some situations; 4 per cent, that they would not claim clear consciences; a few (3 per cent) admitted covering up mistakes or cheating the company; and 2 1/2 per cent said that there was no opportunity to get away with anything unethical.
A more specific question, "In your work can you treat everybody as you like to or do you have to get tough sometimes?" brought out fewer answers. Some (28 per cent) said they were glad that they can always treat people decently; about as many (27 per cent) took satis-