The Manipulation of Human Behavior

By Albert D. Biderman; Herbert Zimmer | Go to book overview

tations posed by ethical considerations and have not pushed subjects to their ultimate limits. Indeed, polio patients survive years in respirators without psychosis, whereas prisoners, sailors, and explorers often successfully endure long months of severe deprivation and monotony. Furthermore, the autobiographical evidence, even if selfselected, implies that the long term effects are reversible and in some instances leave the individual with a sense of having achieved a new and better personality synthesis. From this point of view, the findings reviewed must be considered as suggestive, rather than spelling out in final terms the complete and precise parameters of response.


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Azima H., and Cramer Fern J. Effects of partial perceptual isolation in mentally disturbed individuals. Dis. nerv. Sys., 1956, 17, 117-123.
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Azima H., and Cramer-Azima Fern J. Studies on perceptual isolation. Dis. nerv. Sys., (Monogr. Suppl.) 1957, 18, No. 8, 80-85.
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Azima H., Vispos R. H., and Azima Fern J. Observations on anaclitic therapy during sensory deprivation, In Solomon P., Kubzansky P. E., Leiderman, P. H. , et al. (Eds.), Sensory Deprivation. Cambridge: Harvard Univer. Press, in press.
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Bexton W. H. Some effects of perceptual isolation on human subjects. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. McGill Univer., 1953.
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