Prior to the formation of the Union for the Protection of Industrial Property, the rights of foreigners in patent matters were protected solely by various bipartite agreements between different countries,1 there being 69 of these agreements in 1883.2
The international exposition at Vienna in 1873 was the occasion for the convening of a congress of Patent Reform,3 which was apparently an unofficial organization. Several resolutions were adopted dealing with the subject, and a permanent executive committee was created to continue the work. Another international exposition, the one at Paris in 1878, furnished an opportunity for a second gathering, an international congress on Industrial Property, under the auspices of the French Minister of Commerce.4 In this congress some of the important industrial nations were officially represented, but the majority of the members were apparently persons who were interested but had no official status.
One result of the congress of 1878 was a Permanent International Commission, and the French members of this Commission drafted the Projet d'une union internationale pour la protection de la propriété industrielle. This plan was communicated to other nations by the____________________