The work of the Permanent International Association of Navigation Congresses consists of studies of public works pertaining to inland waterways, harbors, and seaports, and the distribution of information obtained. The Association is not concerned with problems of navigation, but deals only with the improvement of water ways and the construction of shore works used for the docking of vessels.
An International Congress on Inland Navigation was organized in Brussels in 1885. This body held meetings at Vienna in 1886, at Frankfort on the Main in 1888, at Manchester in 1890, at Paris in 1892, and at The Hague in 1894. There had been organized a Maritime Works Congress which had held meetings at Paris in 1889 and at London in 1893. At The Hague meeting in 1894 it was decided to merge the two congresses under the name "Permanent International Association of Navigation Congresses," and to establish a permanent organization to carry on the work in the interval between congresses.
Subsequent to the formation of the present Association, meetings have been held at Brussels in 1898, at Paris in 1900, at Düsseldorf in 1902, at Milan in 1905, at St. Petersburg (Leningrad) in 1908, at Philadelphia in 1912, at London in 1923, at Cairo in 1926, and at Venice in 1931.
The Association consists of three classes of members: 53 governments and international commissions which grant an annual subsidy, 366 corporations, and 1,288 in-