The International Joint Commission is a body created by the joint action of the United States and Great Britain to adjudicate matters involving the rights and interests of either along the international boundary between the United States and Canada. As a rule its work is confined to questions pertaining to the water boundary, but it has had one case arising out of other problems.
Apparently the first effort to create an international commission had its origin in the division of water used for purposes of irrigation. At the International Irrigation Congress held in Denver in 1894 a resolution was introduced urging the appointment of a commission to act with Mexico and Canada to adjudicate conflicting rights on international streams.1
Two years later, in 1896, the British Ambassador informed the government of the United States that Canada would co-operate in the appointment of a joint commission to adjudicate the problems arising out of boundary waters.2 No action was taken on this suggestion.
By 1900 attention was focused on boundary water problems by projects under way or in contemplation at four points. These were the diversions for power purposes at Niagara Falls, the diversion for the enlarged Welland Canal, the proposed diversion for the Chi____________________