DISTRIBUTION OF COSTS AMONG LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT
|1.||Old-age and survivors insurance, railroad retirement, and railroad unemployment compensation entirely supported by national taxation.|
|2.||Old-age assistance, aid to dependent children, and aid to the needy blind supported jointly by the national and the state governments, often with local governments participating in the state's share.|
|3.||General public assistance supported usually by state and local funds.|
|4.||Unemployment insurance supported in the main by state taxes, levied in response to the pressure of a national tax act. All the national government actually contributes according to basic law is a small sum toward administrative costs.|
During the depression, the national government supported and administered W.P.A., N.Y.A., and C.C.C., paying by far the largest part of costs.
We shall not here review the historical factors that explain why the financial burdens were distributed as they were. In the present chapter we shall attempt first to outline the basic elements in relief and social security financing and administration that make important the question of distribution of costs