CONCLUSIONS FROM EXPERIENCE
In Part I of this book the principal American programs relating to relief and social security were broadly described with detail mainly in respect to those parts of the programs that appeared to present issues of real significance. Part II gave for comparative purposes similar descriptions of the proposed plan for Great Britain and of the system adopted by New Zealand. These two plans were selected first because those countries had faced the problem of welding the separate programs that had evolved through the years into a single, universal, comprehensive, and co-ordinated system, and second because they illustrated radically different approaches to many of the problems that arise in framing a sound system of relief and social security. Comparison between the action taken by those countries and what the United States has done thus far seemed to clarify and illustrate the issues which must be considered in an effort to appraise what has been done in the United States and to formulate the policies to govern future action.
Analysis of the material in Parts I and II permitted the presentation in Part III of a series of issues grouped under three headings: social considerations, cost problems, and administrative problems. To each of these issues, which are mutually interrelated, a separate chapter has been devoted. The task in this concluding chapter is to attempt to draw the lessons from the experience that has thus been analyzed and presented.
Conclusions in so detailed and intricate a field as relief and social security can only be drawn in the light of basic fundamental assumptions regarding the rights and liberties of the individual and the relationship of the individual to the state. An assumption of a totalitarian state would lead to conclusions radically different from those which will result if it be assumed