Family Transitions

By Philip A. Cowan; Mavis Hetherington | Go to book overview

5
Effective Parenting During the Early Adolescent Transition

Diana Baumrind University of California, Berkeley

In this paper I develop a conceptual framework for predicting the impact on adolescents of various facets of parental demandingness and responsiveness. My focus is on effective patenting during the early adolescent transition when Time 3 data were collected as part of the Family Socialization and Developmental Competence Project (FSP), a longitudinal program of research. I first discuss sociopolitical and developmental features that impact on the adolescent-parent relationship and then contrast two views of the parent-adolescent bond which are dubbed "classic" and "contemporary." FSP findings on effective patenting are presented, followed by a discussion of the implications of the early adolescent data for the classic and contemporary views.


ADOLESCENCE AND ADOLESCENTS IN TRANSITION

In this section I discuss both secular changes that affect adolescents differently from other age groups, and developmental changes that take place within the individual during adolescence.

By adolescence I refer to an age span roughly between ages 10 and 21, heralded by the accelerating physical changes accompanying puberty that result in sexual maturity and identity formation, and eventuate in emancipation from childhood dependency. Ages 10 to 15, which are often used to bracket early adolescence, correspond to the ages of children attending middle school (4th through 6th grades) and junior high school (7th through 8th or 9th grades) in the United States. Ages 15 to 18, which bracket midadolescence, correspond to the ages of children attending high school. Late adolescence extends from high

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