Federal Power and States' Rights
THE REPUBLICAN PARTY in its beginning arose from the people's urge to build a strong national government to offset the disruptive, weakening influence of the States' Rights Doctrine of the Democratic Party. Paradoxically, now, in 1944, that same Republican Party is urged to dedicate itself to the Doctrine of States' Rights.
In the days of the party's founding, a strong central government was necessary to prevent disruption of our political union. Today, a strong central government is necessary to prevent disruption of our economic and social structure by a variety of conflicting authorities and interests. In that early day, federal power was necessary to make us in fact a nation. Today, federal power is necessary to enable the United States to live and lead in the family of nations.
The debate concerning the concentration of power in Washington is a recurring one. It arises to some extent in every presidential campaign and becomes particularly violent during war periods. But the sincerity and vigor of the present protest has been occasioned by causes beyond the normal maneuvers of politics or the dislocations created by the federal assumption of necessary war powers. It arises from more far-reaching causes.
The spectacle of the present administration's arbitrary use of vast authority; the caprices of a government of men grown bold and reckless with the use of power, favoring first one economic group and then another, while subjecting individuals and their rights to the judgment of whims and theories; the manifold eivdences to every citizen, even in his own community, of the inefficiencies and reckless extravagances of federal agents -- all these abuses have aroused dissatisfactions among the people which have naturally formed an issue for the