significantly slower in advancing toward an academic degree. If the university is willing to bring in athletes as "disadvantaged" students, then the university should consider allocating more resources to help the athletes overcome their disadvantage.
Even after holding constant SAT scores and curricular choices, participants in a few sports still exhibited significantly different GPAs than their student peers. Men's football, which represents the largest number of athletes, had average GPAs consistent with only the thirty-ninth percentile of the student body. The NCAA prohibits these athletes from being paid for their athletic services, despite the fact that football is the largest source of sports revenue to the university. Now it appears that the exploitation of these athletes, the big money sports athlete, has been extended to the classroom. Post-season football playoffs would exacerbate exploitation in both the athletic and academic arenas.