WITH WHOM DO THE ELDERLY LIVE AND MIGRATE? A COMPARISON BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES, AUSTRALIA, AND ITALY
The migration of the elderly in developed countries is a topic of a growing body of research in which the socioeconomic characteristics and the geographical patterns of the migrants are being studied. However, little attention has been given to the family aspects of elderly migration, except for a few studies of very small samples (for example, in the United States, Bultena and Marshall, 1970).
Some of the questions related to the family aspects of elderly migration are: With whom do the elderly migrate? Are those migrating alone different from those moving with their spouse or as part of a larger household? To whom do they go? Are they more likely to join a daughter's household or a son's? Does this change in living arrangements more often involve a long-distance move or a local one?
This chapter summarizes a number of results obtained regarding family aspects of elderly migration in three different countries: the United States, Australia, and Italy. The chapter begins with methodological considerations and then summarizes the major findings. Particular attention is given to the questions: With whom and to whom did the elderly migrate and how is this migration related to their living arrangements?
The classical approach to the study of migration focuses either on the individual or on an aggregate of individuals. However, experience tells