Health Care Patterns and Planning in Developing Countries

By Rais Akhtar | Go to book overview

13
Health and Health Care in the
Northeastern Region of Brazil
MARÍLIA VELLOSO GALVAO, CESAR AJARA, AURÉLIA LOPES DA SILVA , CILÉA SOUZA DA SILVAAn analysis of the health sector in Brazil's Northeastern region highlights the urgent necessity of instituting corrective measures in order to rationalise the medical-sanitary situation in a region that accounts for 30 percent of the country's total population.Although there are serious constraints in obtaining statistical data, the information available does enable the selection of global and region-specific indicators considered the most important for understanding the health sector in the Northeastern region. These indicators can be aggregated into four specific groups relating to
1. Vital statistics.
2. The occurrence, location and incidence of rural endemic diseases and their prophylaxis.
3. Hospital and para-hospital health networks.
4. Hospital statistics.

HEALTH INDICATORS

A study of the existing imbalance between the health care requirement and its availability calls for the identification and quantification of a set of indicators. Such indicators fall into two major groups: those relating to the general health status of the population and those relating to health-care activities. For the first group, we have as examples mortality rates by age groups and by groups and types of cause; incidence rates of transmissible diseases; population served by

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