Construction Versus Choice in Cognitive Measurement: Issues in Constructed Response, Performance Testing, and Portfolio Assessment

By Randy Elliot Bennett; William C. Ward | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 7
CONSTRUCTED RESPONSE AND DIFFERENTIAL ITEM FUNCTIONING: A PRAGMATIC APPROACH

Neil J. Dorans Alicia P. Schmitt Educational Testing Service

From the test practitioner's point of view, constructed-response items transfer the bulk of arduous labor that goes into producing a test item and its score from the test developer to the test scorer. Quality multiple-choice items are difficult to produce but easy to score and analyze. Constructed-response items are relatively easy to produce, but difficult to score and complicated to analyze. For multiple-choice items, the psychometrics are well developed and procedures for performing microscopic dissections of items are well established. These procedures include techniques for assessing differential item functioning (DIF). Two DIF procedures routinely used at Educational Testing Service are the Mantel-Haenszel procedure ( Holland & Thayer, 1988) and the standardization approach ( Dorans & Kulick, 1986), both of which are described in detail in Dorans and Holland ( 1992). Other procedures, based on item response theory (IRT), are described by Thissen, Steinberg, and Wainer ( 1992).

Mislevy, Yamamoto, and Anacker ( 1992) contrasted the well developed body of psychometrics for multiple-choice items with the nascent state of psychometrics for constructed-response items. To the extent that a constructed- response item is unconstrained and examinees are free to produce any response they wish, the test scorer has a difficult and challenging task of extracting information from examinee responses. To date the psychometrics for dealing with this unconstrained response type have lagged behind the development and administration of these items. Until psychometrics finds ways of extracting replicable and valid information from these responses,

-135-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Construction Versus Choice in Cognitive Measurement: Issues in Constructed Response, Performance Testing, and Portfolio Assessment
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 342

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.