Urbanization in History: A Process of Dynamic Interactions

By A. M. Van Der Woude; Akira Hayami et al. | Go to book overview

10 Migration into and out of the Danish City of Odense

HANS CHRISTIAN JOHANSEN Department of Economic History, University of Odense, Odense, Denmark

In most countries the direct registration of migration started much later than the registration of births, deaths, and marriages. Studies of migration in earlier centuries must, therefore, make use of indirect measures. The information most commonly used is information on birthplace, collected in censuses (this is not normally available for periods preceding the middle of the nineteenth century), or the difference between actual population growth between censuses and the excess of births over deaths during the same period.

Both these measures are subject to serious limitations. The former records only two areas--birthplace and place of actual residence--in what could be a long chain of migratory movements. The second measure only yields net migration, which may differ considerably from the gross figures, and the net figures are very sensitive to even small errors in the basic data.

Thus, in any attempt to discover more about gross migration during periods before direct registration started, it is necessary to begin at the micro-level and look at individual life histories which give information about changes in place of residence, or, if this is impossible, to study the extent to which people are 'lost' from different areas over time. The following exercise is an example of this type of analysis in which material relating to the city of Odense--a city which until the late nineteenth century was the largest Danish provincial city--will be used.1


1. Sources

Parish registers exist for all city parishes in Denmark from 1706 and are of good quality. Census-taking began in 1769. The first census contains only the names of heads of households; other members are mentioned only by their

____________________
1
The 18-cent. material is taken from the parish registers, census schedules, tax lists, guild information on apprentices, journeymen, and masters, municipal lists of trade licences, lists of those in receipt of poor relief, and probate records. Cf. H. C. Johansen, Nœring og bystyre, Odense, 1700-1789 (Odense, 1983). The machine-readable version of the Census of 1850 was prepared by Poul Thestrup, of the Fünen provincial archives, Odense.

-152-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Urbanization in History: A Process of Dynamic Interactions
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 376

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.