Urbanization in History: A Process of Dynamic Interactions

By A. M. Van Der Woude; Akira Hayami et al. | Go to book overview

11 Mobility and Migration in Pre-industrial Urban Areas The Case of Nineteenth-Century Cuenca

DAVID S. REHERFaculdad de Ciencias Politicary Sociologia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

One of the least known though ironically more visible aspects of past populations is their mobility. While the great migrations in history have often been extensively investigated, more local permanent and return migratory patterns have been neglected or inadequately studied.1 Analyses based on marriage registers or municipal listings of inhabitants often portray a deceptively simple scenario of what we might suspect to be a dynamic and complex reality.2 While this subject has received little or no attention in Spain, it cannot automatically be assumed that historical research has advanced much further elsewhere. Despite the existence of noteworthy attempts by European and American scholars, 3 it can safely be assumed that

____________________
Preliminary versions of this chapter have been given for the Graduate Group in Demography of the University of California at Berkeley and at the Population Studies Center of the University of Pennsylvania. I would like to express my gratitude to Francisco Javier Blanco Buendia for his assistance in the compiling of the data and to Eurgene Hammel, Étienne van de Walle, and Benito Cachinero for their helpful comments.
1
An important exception here is the work of urban geographers in countries like Great Britain who have made meaningful advances towards the understanding of migratory patterns within a historical context. See e.g. R. Lawton, "'Mobility in Nineteenth Century British Cities'", The Geographical Journal, 145 ( 1979), 206-24, and R. Lawton, "'Population Mobility and Urbanisation: Nineteenth Century British Experience'", in W. R. Lee and R. Lawton (eds.), Comparative Urban Population Development in Western Europe c. 1750-1920 ( London, 1985).
2
For examples of this, see M. Lachiver, La population de Meulan du XVIIe au XIXe siècle ( Paris, 1969), 339.
3
For examples of this kind of work, see S. Akerman and A. Norberg, "'Employment Opportunities, Family-Building and Internal Migration in the Late Nineteenth Century: Some Swedish Case Studies'", in A. J. Coale (ed.), Economic Factors in Population Growth ( New York, 1976), 453-86, Y. Blayo, "'La mobilità dans un village de la Brie vers le milieu de XIXe siècle'", Population, 25 ( 1970), 573-605: C. Corsini, "'La mobilità delle popolazioni nel settecento: fonti, metodi, problemi'", La Popolazione Italiana nel settecento, ed. Società Italiana di Demografia Storica ( Bologna, 1980), 401-34; G. Da Molin, "'Mobilità dei contadini pugliesi tra fine 600 a primo 800'", ibid. 435-76; S. Hochstadt, "'Migration and Industrialization in Germany, 1815- 1977'", Social Science History, 5 ( 1981), 445-8; D. I. Kertzer and D. P. Hogan, "'On the Move: Migration in an Italian Community, 1865-1921'", Social Science History. 9 ( 1985), 1-24; P. Laslett , Family Life and Illicit Love in Earlier Generations ( Cambridge, 1977); R. S. Schofield, "'Age-Specific Mobility in an Eighteenth-Century Rural English Parish'", Annales de Démographie Historique ( 1970), 261-73; P. Wilcox, "'Marriage, Mobility and Domestic Service in Victorian Cambridge'", Local Population Studies, 29 ( 1982), 19-34.

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