Managing Urban America

By David R. Morgan; Robert E. England | Go to book overview

ship must come from somewhere, and increasingly the chief executive, whatever the form of government, is playing a more visible and vigorous policy role. Executive leadership often emerges because legislative bodies, especially those composed of part-time amateurs, find it difficult both to acquire the expertise and to devote the time necessary to cope with increasingly complex issues. The career civil service also plays a prominent role in policymaking and policy implementation. Understanding the various ways in which bureaucratic influence operates has become increasingly important.


Notes
1.
James E. Anderson, Public Policymaking, 2d ed. ( Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1994), 5.
2.
Thomas R. Dye, Understanding Public Policy, 2d ed. (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1975), 1.
3.
David Easton, The Political System, 2d ed. ( New York: Knopf, 1971), 130.
4.
Raymond E. Bauer, "The Study of Policy Formation: An Introduction," in The Study of Policy Formation, ed. Raymond Bauer and Kenneth Gergen ( New York: Free Press, 1968), 2.
5.
This approach to understanding policymaking owes a great debt to the work of political scientist David Easton. See his A Framework for Political Analysis (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1965), and A Systems Analysis of Political Life ( New York: Wiley, 1965).
6.
Anthony Downs, Urban Problems and Prospects ( Chicago: Markham, 1970), 176.
7.
Charles E. Lindblom, The Policy Making Process, 2d ed. (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1980), 12.
8.
Roger Cobb and Charles Elder, Participation in American Politics: The Dynamics of Agenda-Building ( Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1971), 84-85.
9.
Robert Eyestone, From Social Issues to Public Policy ( New York: Wiley, 1978), 89.
10.
Cobb and Elder, Participation in American Politics, 86.
11.
Lindblom, The Policy Making Process, 48-49.
12.
Richard E. Neustadt, Presidential Power ( New York: Wiley, 1964).
13.
Lindblom, The Policy Making Process, 28.
15.
Douglas Yates, The Ungovernable City ( Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1977).
16.
Frank Aleshire and Fran Aleshire, "The American City Manager: New Style, New Game," National Civic Review 66 ( May 1977): 139.
17.
Yates, Ungovernable City, 34.
18.
Paul E. Peterson, City Limits ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981), 109.

-113-

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Managing Urban America
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xiii
  • INTRODUCTION Improved Urban Management -- Needed Now More Than Ever 1
  • Suggested for Further Reading 15
  • Part One - The Environment of Urban Management 17
  • 1 - The External World of the Urban Manager 19
  • Notes 51
  • Notes 54
  • 2 - Urban Political Structure 56
  • Notes 78
  • Notes 81
  • Part Two - Making and Implementing Urban Policy 83
  • 3 - Urban Policymaking 85
  • Notes 113
  • Notes 116
  • 4 - Decision Making 117
  • 4 Decision Making 137
  • Suggested for Further Reading 141
  • 5 - Analysis for Urban Decisions 143
  • Notes 173
  • Notes 176
  • 6 - Urban Service Delivery 177
  • Notes 205
  • Notes 208
  • Summary 234
  • Suggested for Further Reading 237
  • Part Three - Internal Management Processes 239
  • 8 - The Management Process: Theory and Practice 241
  • Notes 270
  • Notes 273
  • 9 - Personnel Policies and Practices 274
  • Notes 302
  • Notes 306
  • 10 - Finance and Budget 307
  • Notes 336
  • Notes 339
  • Part Four - The Urban Future 341
  • II Urban Economic Development 365
  • Notes 366
  • Suggested for Further Reading 368
  • 12 - Managing the Urban Future 369
  • Suggested for Further Reading 392
  • Index 393
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