Labor Markets in Latin America: Combining Social Protection with Market Flexibility

By Sebastian Edwards; Nora Lustig Claudia | Go to book overview

widest variations in employment occur in construction and in the less formal service sector.40 However, as discussed in the text, this might be due to the crowding out of low-skilled workers and those with obsolete skills in the less formal sectors of the economy.


References

Aldao-Zapiola Carlos, Hugo Hulsberg, and Claudio Jaureguiberry 1994. Productividad y Negociacion Colectiva: La Discusion Salarial en la Argentina en el Marco de los Conventos Colectivos de Trabajo. Ed. Macchi.

Bulow Jeremy I., and Lawrence H. Summers. 1986. "A Theory of Dual Labor Markets with Application to Industrial Policy, Discrimination, and Keynesian Unemployment." Journal of Labor Economics 4( 3): 376-414.

Estudio M. A. M. Broda y Asoc. Various years. Carta Económica. Buenos Aires, Argentina.

FIEL (Latin American Economic Research Foundation). 1992. "Costos Laborales Comparados en el Mercosur." DT 35. Buenos Aires, Argentina: FIEL.

-----. 1994. "Educación y Mercado de Trabajo en Argentina." Unpublished paper. Buenos Aires, Argentina: FIEL.

-----. Various years. "Indicadores de Coyuntura." Buenos Aires, Argentina: FIEL.

Layard Richard, Stephen Nickell, and Richard Jackman. 1991. Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market. Oxford University Press.

Marshall Robert C., and Gary A. Zarkin. 1987. "The Effect of Job Tenure on Wage Offers." Journal of Labor Economics 5( 3): 301-24.

Pessino Carola. 1993. "From Aggregate Shocks to Labor Market Adjustments: Shifting of Wage Profiles under Hyperinflation in Argentina." Serie Documentos de Trabajo 95. Buenos Aires, Argentina: CEMA.

-----. 1995. "Returns to Education in Greater Buenos Aires 1986-1993: From Hyperinflation to Stabilization." Serie Documentos de Trabajo 104. Buenos Aires, Argentina: CEMA.

-----. 1996. "La Anatomia del Desempleo." Desarrollo Económico 36 (special issue): 223-62.

Pessino Carola, and Leonardo Giacchino. 1994. "Rising Unemployment in Argentina: 1974-1993." Paper prepared for the Thirteenth Latin American Meeting of the Econometric Society. Caracas, Venezuela.

Pessino Carola, and Indermit Gill. 1996a. "Determinants of Labor Demand in Argentina: Estimating the Benefits of Labor Policy Reform." Unpublished paper. Washington: World Bank.

____________________
40
Incorporation of more disaggregated sectoral dummies confirms that the construction sector has the largest increase in unemployment, followed next by repair services, and then by import-competitive chemical and textile manufacturing.

-199-

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