Growing Pains: Russian Democracy and the Election of 1993

By Timothy J. Colton; Jerry F. Hough | Go to book overview

grated packages of beliefs about political means and ends. With a large proportion of the population holding dissonant views about appropriate public goals, methods of social action, and current economic and political realities, an ideology that could harmonize such views, even at the cost of logic and consistency, would have considerable electoral appeal.


Notes
1.
This argument refers to the national center blocs. The single-member constituency voting did return a large number of non-party-affiliated deputies who subsequently joined a newly formed centrist faction, New Regional Policy. This does not alter the fact that the results were surprisingly poor for the blocs that ran on center platforms.
2.
Of the 1,319 voters from a representative, nationwide postelection survey who said they favored a "gradual transition to the market," 537 reported having voted for one of the nine center and moderate reform blocs, and 652 reported having voted for either Russia's Choice, the LDPR, or the Communist Party of the Russian Federation ( Colton-Hough survey).
3.
A similar vogue was evident in Poland after the 1991 parliamentary elections, when all but two of the numerous parties insisted on being seated in the center of the chamber. See Krzysztof Jasiewicz, "From Solidarity to Fragmentation," Journal of Democracy, vol. 3 ( April 1992), pp. 55-69, at p. 64.
4.
Segodnya, October 16, 1993, p. 2.
5.
These were Yabloko, the RDDR, PRES, Women of Russia, the DPR, and Civic Union.
6.
They also received only four seats in the single-mandate constituencies between them.
7.
For more on the politics of lobbying, see Daniel Treisman, "The Politics of Soft Credit in Post-Soviet Russia," Europe-Asia Studies, vol. 47, no. 6 ( September 1995), pp. 949-76.
8.
Press conference, November 25, 1993, Dom Druzhby, Moscow.
9.
Nezavisimaya gazeta, December 8, 1993, p. 1.
10.
Kommersant', no. 46, 15-21, November 1993, p. 4.
11.
Segodnya, November 27, 1993, p. 3.
12.
This section draws on the parties' programs and campaign materials, television addresses, and personal interviews with campaign officials and candidates from the parties, in particular: Vyacheslav Shebkii, press secretary of the RDDR; Yurii Levykin ( campaign manager), Mikhail Motorin (candidate), Vyacheslav Shostakovskii ( leader of the Republican party); Yurii Boldyrev ( leader) of Yabloko; Roman Pugachev, delegate to the Central Electoral Commission of PRES; Yevgenii B. Malkin, campaign manager of the DPR; and Viktor Mironenko ( cochair of the Union Renewal) of Civic Union.

-171-

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