Sverdlovsk Mixed Results in a Hotbed of Regional Autonomy
Robert G. Moser
NOWHERE WERE expectations for victory of reformist forces higher in December 1993 than in Sverdlovsk oblast. This native region of President Boris Yeltsin has been the most consistently proreform region in Russia outside of Moscow and St. Petersburg, providing Yeltsin with his highest level of support both in the June 1991 presidential election and the April 1993 referendum. 1 Sverdlovsk thus provided a best-case scenario for Yeltsin's constitutional project and the electoral fortunes of the reformers, particularly Russia's Choice. If they could not win in Sverdlovsk oblast, Yeltsin's homebase, they could not win anywhere.
By any numerical criterion, reformers won the 1993 elections in Sverdlovsk oblast. Russia's Choice gained the most votes in the party-list election with 25.2 percent of the vote, ten points higher than its national average. If one compares the percentages for all radical and moderate reformist blocs to the total for antireformist and centrist blocs, the reformers came out with a relatively comfortable victory. Reformist blocs gained a total of 52.6 per-____________________