Growing Pains: Russian Democracy and the Election of 1993

By Timothy J. Colton; Jerry F. Hough | Go to book overview

dividual candidates; if electoral laws and the fractiousness of politicians do not prevent parties from responding, then a more robust party system may emerge that will tend to unify the bases of voter choice and hence electoral outcomes across types of election. For the moment, however, whether the dual character of electoral space proves to be a birth pang of the Russian political system or a birthmark remains to be seen.


Notes
1.
Both oblast and city were named Gorky between 1932 and 1991.
2.
See the report by Grigorii Yavlinskii EPItsentr team, Nizhegorodskii Prolog: ekonomika i politika v Rossii ( Nizhnii Novgorod: Tsenovaia Politika, 1992).
3.
For example, industrial production fell by only 4.2 percent in 1993 compared with 16.2 percent in Russia as a whole, one of the smallest declines in the country. "O Khode Ekonomicheskoi Reformy v Nizhegorodskoi Oblasti," vol. 2 ( Nizhnii Novgorod: Nizhegorodskii Oblastnoi Komitet po Statistike, 1994).
4.
For a discussion of the challenges facing this city in the post-Soviet era, see Kimberly Marten Zisk , "Arzamas-16: Economics and Security in a Closed Nuclear City," Post-Soviet Affairs, vol. 11, no. 1 ( January-March 1995), pp. 57-80.
5.
This phenomenon is described, in the comparative context of other Russian regions, by A. Magomedov, "Politicheskiye Elity Rossiiskoi Provintsii," Mirovaya Ekonomika i Mezhdunarodniye Otnosheniya, no. 4 ( 1994), pp. 72-79.
6.
For a discussion of the problems that have arisen from conflicts between these institutions in other regions, see Jeffrey W. Hahn, "Conclusions: Common Features of Post-Soviet Local Politics," in Theodore H. Friedgut and Jeffrey W. Hahn, eds., Local Power and Post-Soviet Politics (Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 1994), p. 272.
7.
Gorky, as it was after 1932, became known as a "school for cadres," a region where promising young party officials were sent to gain experience. Lazar Kaganovich and Andrei Zhdanov, for example, both served time as obkom first secretary there.
8.
Another reason for the political stability of the region, therefore, is the absence of conflict between the holders of these two positions.
9.
These links were confirmed after the elections when Krest'yaninov was repeatedly urged--and declined--to stand for the position of deputy speaker in the new Federation Council.
10.
Approval of the government's social and economic policies (question 2) in the April 1993 referendum was 3.6 percent higher than in the country as a whole.
11.
Comparison of the 1991 presidential election with the 1993 referendum shows that Nizhnii Novgorod was one of only twenty-nine regions--and the only one north of the 55th parallel--where support for Yeltsin fell between the two elections. A. Sobyanin , E. Gel'man, and O. Kayunov, "Politicheskii Klimat v Rossii v 1991-1993," Mirovaya Ekonomika i Mezhdunarodniye Otnosheniya, no. 9, 1993, pp. 26-27. Local polls also show that after mid-1992 voters increasingly distinguished between the reformist

-458-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Growing Pains: Russian Democracy and the Election of 1993
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 750

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.