Primor'e Local Politics and a Coalition for Reform
Katherine G. Burns
ALL POLITICS is local. This saying has particular significance for the 1993 elections in Primorskii krai. While a Moscow executive engineered a founding election, in Primor'e executive power focused on local power consolidation. The implicit tension between these two goals--one central and one local--largely dictated electoral results in the region.
Localization 1--the process by which local issues take precedence over national ones--had two important consequences for the elections in Primor'e. First, it found expression in strong local executive power and shaped the governor's goals in his bid for a seat on the Federation Council. Second, it gave rise to a loosely formed opposition group, which, in the context of the elections, crystallized into a "reform coalition" under the leadership of a strong single-mandate candidate. Reform coalition candidates won two of the three single-mandate seats in the State Duma and one seat in the Federation Council. The lines between the two camps were far from clear and gen-
I would like to thank Timothy Colton and Jerry Hough for their invaluable assistance in conducting this study and their insightful comments on written drafts. Special thanks to Joel Ostrow, Jane Prokop, and Alexandra Vacroux for their assistance in establishing research contacts in Vladivostok, and to Yitzhak Brudny and Margot Light for their support and comments. I would especially like to acknowledge David Woodruff, whose detailed knowledge of the region, insightful explanations, and helpful comments have immeasurably contributed to this study. All errors are, of course, my own responsibility.