|Okrug||Winning candidate||Affiliation||Percent of vote|
|Al'metevskii||Yegorov||Unity and Progress||73.9|
|Moskovskii||Morozov||Unity and Progress||46.8|
|Naberezhniye Chelny||Altykhov||Communist party 40.9|
|Federation Council||Shaimiyev||Unity and Progress||91.2|
|Federation Council||Mukhametshin||Unity and Progress||71.1|
|Source: "Ravnopraviye i Zakonnost," Bulletin' ib RiZ, no. 2, March 1994, p. 1.|
consensus--between center and regional elites as well as among regional elites regarding the definition of both federation and democracy. In short, Moscow's failure to understand the need to bargain or negotiate with Tatarstan's leaders before the December 1993 election led to a different outcome than it had originally intended. Instead of either consolidating democracy or solidifying Russia's territorial integrity, this election invoked existing separatist tendencies among the Tatarstan's ethnic Tatars and hence gave the republic's leaders a crucial bargaining chip with which to challenge Moscow's definition of federalism.
With the signing of a bilateral treaty between Moscow and Kazan, the question of Tatarstan's status is more or less resolved between central and regional elites. This alone made possible the successful outcome, for elites in both Moscow and Kazan, of the March 1994 election. Yet, the issue of ethnic separatism remains unresolved within the republic itself Groups continue to be polarized into proseparatist and profederation factions, which are divided essentially along ethnic lines. In short, there is no consensus among elites within Tatarstan on the proper relationship between their republic and the Russian Federation. As a result, the democratic consolidation process is hindered not only in the Tatar Republic but in the Russian Federation as a whole.