Man, Work, and Society: A Reader in the Sociology of Occupations

By Sigmund Nosow; William H. Form | Go to book overview

Summary

This paper has developed the differential sensitivity by personnel at various levels of a profession to the contingencies of their profession and its milieu. It indicates some problems involving institutional integration and adaptation which require continued research. The emphasis on technical functions, so important in professional studies, must yield to the study of the meanings of such skills and their place in the social organization of the profession. Technical solutions achieved by professions with regard to functions, standards, and qualifications must satisfy, at the same time, the demands of professional integration and adaptation.


NOTES
1.
Dan C. Lortie, "Doctors without Patients: The Anesthesiologist, a New Medical Specialty" (unpublished Master's thesis, Department of Sociology, University of Chicago, 1950).
2.
The radiologist, who is often a salaried hospital employee, is now urged by his professional associates to go onto a fee-for-service basis with direct charges to "his" patients.
3.
Harvey L. Smith, "Two Lines of Authority Are One Too Many," The Modern Hospital, Modern Hospital Publishing Company, 1955, pp. 59-62.
4.
Harvey L. Smith, "The Value Context of Psychology," American Psychologist, Vol. 9, September 1954, pp. 532-535.
5.
Harvey L. Smith, "New Roles for Psychiatry: A Sociological Study" (unpublished manuscript).
6.
The public often cannot clearly distinguish among registered nurses, aides, and practical nurses in hospitals. Similar confusion has been shown to exist as to the differences among psychologists, psychiatrists, and psychoanalysts.
7.
For a detailed, pioneer analysis of organization fictions by Robert Dubin see "Organization Fictions" in Robert Dubin, ed., Human Relations in Administration, New York: Prentice-Hall, 1951, pp. 341-345.
8.
For studies dealing with the gap between training and work and its effects see Miriam Wagenschein, "Reality Shock" (unpublished Master's thesis, Department of Sociology, University of Chicago, 1950); also Alvin Katz, "The Development and Design of Operational Devices: A Case Study of Sociological Research in Process" (unpublished Master's thesis, University of North Carolina, 1955).
9.
Clearly, certain medical specialties are defensive about their present place in medicine. Recruitment problems are often entailed (e.g., among pathologists).

4. PROFESSIONALISM AND SOCIAL POLICY ·

T. H. Marshall

The position of the professions in the recent past was a curious one. They enjoyed, as organizations, varying degrees of group monopoly and developed, in varying degrees, a group spirit and a group conscience.

-225-

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