Twentieth Century Psychology: Recent Developments in Psychology

By Philip Lawrence Harriman | Go to book overview

INTRODUCTION

Many of the most important developments in contemporary psychology cannot be published until the war has been brought to a conclusion. Practically all the textbooks written during the decades between War I and War II referred to impetus given to group measurement of intelligence by the Army Alpha and Beta tests, to the development of personality inventories from the original Personal Data Sheet of Woodworth, and to various improvements over the Man-to-Man Rating Scale devised by W. D. Scott and others. Likewise, the writers of textbooks drew heavily upon the vast array of data gathered through the use of psychological techniques on the men of 1917-1918. Not only are the psychological procedures of today much better than those of a generation ago, but also a much greater amount of data is now being assembled. Furthermore, the psychologists are performing many more important functions during War II than merely to administer tests. Nearly half the membership of the American Psychological Association are at present in the armed forces or in some type of work which pertains directly to the war effort. At this time, however, a full account cannot be given, since much of the work is confidential and since the persons who are most intimately acquainted with it are too engrossed in their responsibilities to take leave for writing.

One of the most immediate effects of World War II has been the unavailability of many of the foreign psychological journals and monographs. Possibly, many of them have ceased publication for the duration. Psychological Abstracts contains a rapidly decreasing number of citations of research publications. Not a single one of the American psychological journals or mono-

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