Twentieth Century Psychology: Recent Developments in Psychology

By Philip Lawrence Harriman | Go to book overview
The difficulties with Freud's typology are far too great for it to meet with our unqualified endorsement, and its discussion is not to be interpreted in the sense of "Here is the solution to our problems." The space devoted to it is only tribute to a system which comes closest to filling our needs and, if it is still found faulty, it is but an index of how far we have yet to go. It does not matter whether we finally retain this particular typology. It does matter that students of the psychology of personality occupy themselves with the study of systems of motives. If the study of motives offers difficulties, it is of no avail to ignore the difficulties by declaring that there are no motives, that there is only behavior. Difficulties of exploration do not justify the ignoring of a field of research.
SUMMARY
We have argued for a nomothetic-scientific approach to psychology; that personality is best viewed among the conditions of behavior; that the structure of personality consists primarily of systems of perpetuated motives; that traditional objections to the typological approach are not valid; that the typological approach is both useful and feasible. We have suggested several criteria in terms of which to evaluate typological systems. Having applied these criteria to a number of typologies, we found the system suggested by Freud in terms of id, ego, superego, and mixed types to come closest to satisfying the criteria. Because of many secondary problems which arise in connection with Freud's typology, we did not endorse it, although we felt that it strongly merits further exploration. We do derive from its discussion the encouragement that the kind of approach we are advocating is possible.
REFERENCES
ALLPORT G. W. Personality: A Psychological Interpretation. New York: Holt, 1937.
FREUD, S. Libidinal types. Psycholanal. Quar., 1932, 1, 3-6.
HERTZMAN M., & NEFF W. S. "Conflicting aspects of Freudian theory". Psychol. League J., 1939, 3, 30-35.
LAZARSFELD P. F. Some remarks on the typological procedures in social research. Z. f. Socialfors., 1937, pp. 119-139.
MURRAY H. A., et al. Explorations in Personality. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1938.
WOODWORTH R. S. Psychology. ( 4th ed.) New York: Holt, 1940.

-115-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Twentieth Century Psychology: Recent Developments in Psychology
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 714

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.